45 terms

Work Design Test 1 Review

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Adam Smith
1776
División of labor, increased productivity.
Eli Whitney
1800
Interchangeable parts.
Introduction to assembly lines.
Charges Babbage
1852
Father of the computer.
Division of labor in industries.
Frederick W. Taylor
1881
"The principles of scientific management."
Henry Ford
1913
Assembly line: mass production.
Gantt
1916
Gantt Chart for efficiency.
The Gilbreths.
1922
Time and motion studies.
Shewhart
1924
Father of statistical quality control.
Atanasoff
1938
First electronic digital computer.
Blackett
1941
Operations research.
Deming
1950
Total quality management.
US Army
1957
CPM (Critical Path method)
PERT (Product, Evaluation and Review Technique)
Joseph Orlicky
1960
MRP (Materials requirement plan)
1970
Computer Aided System
1975
Flexible Manufacturing Systems.
1990
Integrated manufacturing systems.
1995
Internet
2002
Big data.
1776
Adam Smith
Division of Labor
1800
Eli Withney
Interchangeable parts.
Introduction to assembly lines.
1852
Charles Babbage.
Father of the computer.
Division of labor in industries.
1881
Frederick W. Taylor.
"The principle of scientific management."
1913
Henry Ford.
Assembly lines: Mass production.
1916
Gantt.
Gantt chart.
1922
The Gilbreths.
Time and motion studies.
1924
Shewhart.
The father of statistical quality control.
1938
Atanasoff
First electronic digital computer.
1941
Blackett.
Operations research.
1950
Deming
Total quality management.
1957
US Army
CPM
PERT
1960
Joseph Orlicky
MRP
PERT
Product evaluation and review technique by the US army in 1957
CPM
Critical Path Method developed by the US Army in 1957.
MRP
Materials Requirement Plan created by Joseph Orlicky in 1960.
Productivity
Relationship of outputs vs inputs.
Units produced/supplies used.
Partial productivity
units produced/ONE supply used
Labor productivity
units produced/(workers)(total hours)
Multi-factor productivity
units produced/some supplies used
Total Productivity
units produced/all supplies used
Operations
The action of transforming inputs (resources or data) into desired goods or services to create and deliver value to the customers.
Process
Two or more connected operations.
Goods
Tangible
Inventory
Low customer interplay
Push system
Services
Intangibles
Can't be inventoried.
High customer interplay.
Pull system
Operations analysis
Tools for analyzing the what, where,when, how?
-Flow chart
-Flow process chart.
-Process mapping.
Synchronous servicing
TIMES:
Loading/unloading
Machine operation
Moving of operator (displacement)