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20 terms

Biology Scientific Method & Inquiry

9th grade Biology Honors Mr. Seally
STUDY
PLAY
compare
examine and note the similarities or differences of
contrast
put in opposition to show or emphasize differences
distinguish
mark as different
differentiate
become distinct and acquire a different character
analyze
consider in detail and subject to an analysis in order to discover essential features or meaning
organize
to put in order
assumption
a statement that is assumed to be true and from which a conclusion can be drawn
control
the activity of managing or exerting control over something
independent variable
(statistics) a variable whose values are independent of changes in the values of other variables
dependent variable
the outcome factor; the variable that may change in response to manipulations of the independent variable
conclusion
a summary of the results of the experiment and a statement of how the results relate to the hypothesis
data
a collection of facts from which conclusions may be drawn
reliable
able to be depended on; trustworthy
evidence
collected body of data from observations and experiments
experiment
a research method in which an investigator manipulates one or more factors to observe the effect on some behavior or mental process
hypothesis
possible explanation for a set of observations or possible answer to a scientific question
inference
logical interpretation based on prior knowledge and experience
observation
use of one or more of the senses to gather information
controlled experiment
experiment that tests the effect of a single variable
validity
the extent to which a test measures or predicts what it is supposed to