Get ahead with a $300 test prep scholarship
| Enter to win by Tuesday 9/24
Unit 1 - Computers, Unit 1 - Internet
Terms in this set (37)
programs, includes word processors, photo editing software, web browsers,games, music programs, almost everyting else on the computer excluding saved files.
American Standard Code for Information Interchange
base 2, number system that uses the numbers 0, 1
the smallest unit of data in a computer. A bit has a single binary value, either 0 or 1.
a grouping of 8 bits, processed as a single unit of information.
central processing unit (CPU)
carries out every command or process on the computer that can be thought of as the brain of the computer.
an electronic device that processes data according to a set of instructions or commands, known as a program
the central processing unit (CPU) and the main memory
base 10, number system that uses 0-9
the physical parts of the computer. Devices such as the monitor, keyboard, speakers, wires, chips, cables, plugs, disks, printers, mice, and many other
each number in the decimal system
base 16, a number system that uses the symbols 0-9 and A - F
input/output (I/O) devices
how the user interacts with the computer
computer memory that temporarily stores information while it is being sent to the CPU also called RAM
a type of computer memory that has the capability to hold data even if the power is turned off.
Nybble or Nibble
An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware and software resources and provides common services for computer programs.
the input and output devices and the secondary memory
Random Access Memory (RAM)
a type of computer memory that can be accessed in any order (randomly); that is, any byte of memory can be accessed without touching the preceding bytes. RAM is the most common type of memory found in computers and other devices, such as printers.
where programs and data are kept on a long-term basis.
is a class of data storage devices that read stored data in a sequence. Sequential access devices are usually a form of magnetic storage.
a part of a computer system that consists of data or computer instructions, can be thought of as the programs that run on the computer.
computer storage that only maintains its data while the device is powered. Most RAM (random access memory) used for primary storage in personal computers is volatile memory.
a group of computers taht are connected so they can share resources using a data link
a network of smaller networks connected usinga specific set of rules that computers use to communicate with each other
internet protocol,the method or protocol by which data is sent from one computer to another on the Internet
a numerical label assigned to each device connected to a computer network that uses the Internet Protocol for communication. An IP address serves two principal functions: host or network interface identification and location addressing.
Internet service provider
ASCII - American Standard Code for Information Interchange. ASCII is the universally recognized raw text format that any computer can understand.
Transmission capacity measure by bit rate
A way of representing information using only two options.
A message that can only have two possible values
A novel or improved idea, device or product
an attempt to trick someone into giving information over the internet or by email that would allow someone else to take money out of their bank account: Phishing emails can look as if they come from a real bank email address.