Literary Terms

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Metaphor
a comparison without using introductory words such as like or as
simile
a comparison which uses a connecting word such as like, as, than, resemble, similar to, etc.
personification
giving human characteristics to an inhuman object
idiom
an expression which means something altogether different than the literal meaning of the individual words
oxymoron
a phrase that seems to contradict itself
point of view
what a writer believes about his subject and wants to communicate to an audience.
theme/central idea
the main idea of a work to which everything else refers. These are usually big concepts.. not details.
imply
to strongly suggest something; something not explicitly stated.
infer
to draw a conclusion
denotation
the dictionary definition of a word
connotation
the feelings associated with a word
first-person point of view
a character within the story narrates.
third-person point of view
a voice from outside the story narrates
objective summary
a summary of events that includes facts only, no opinion
dialogue
a conversation between characters
irony
an unexpected situation, occurrence, or statement.
symbol
something that stands for something else. Stands for something bigger than itself
hyperbole
an exaggeration based in truth
rhetorical device
a strategy or device used to persuade the audience
anecdote
brief, personal story
diction
the author's choice of words
imagery
language that appeals to one of the five senses
detail
facts, observations, reasons