36 terms

PBIS Energy Learning Set 1 Expanded

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Terms in this set (...)

transform
to convert from one type (form) of energy to another type (form) of energy.
Converting from Potential Energy to Kinetic Energy is an example of
transformation
"Rube Goldberg machines"
includes a series of complicated steps that combined together to achieve a simple task.
Rube Goldberg
was an engineer, cartoonist, sculptor and author; he is most famous for his intricate diagrams of very complicated and impractical contraptions that accomplished little or nothing (1883-1970)
criteria
conditions that must be satisfied to successfully achieve a challenge or goal.
constraints
factors that limit how you can solve a problem.
indicate
to show.
indicators
observations that can tell you about the presence of some state or condition.
examples of indicators
color change, heat, movement
inference
a plausible conclusion or interpretation based on observations or evidence.
It is snowing, so we will not have school today is an example of a ____________________.
inference
infer
to interpret from observations.
kinetic energy
the energy an object has because of its motion.
2 factors that affect kinetic energy of an object
mass and velocity
A thrown ball is an example of ___________________ energy.
kinetic
light energy
visible energy that is given off by some objects in the form of radiation.
In a flashlight, the electrical energy traveling through the filament and is transformed into _______________ energy.
light
radiation/ electromagnetic energy
energy that moves in the form of rays, waves, or particles.
2 examples of electromagnetic energy
xrays and microwaves
radiate
give off energy.
electrical energy
the energy of moving electric charges.
When a flashlight in turned on the ___________________ energy in the batteries is tranformed into ________________ energy before it is transformed again into light energy.
chemical electrical
chemical energy
energy stored in chemical bonds
elastic energy
the energy stored in an object when the shape of the object is changed.
2 objects with potential elastic energy are
bouncy balls and rubberbands
sound energy
vibrating air that travels as waves to your ear.
An example of sound energy is
music
thermal energy
the energy of motion of all the particles in the object; experienced as heat.
An example of thermal energy is a
fire
renewable resource
a resource that is continually resupplied.
An example of a renewable resource is
solar energy
nonrenewable resource
a resource that exits in a limited supply.
A nonrenewable resource would be
fossil fuels
fossil fuel
an energy source that comes from the remains of living things.
radiometer
a device that was invented to measure energy from the sun (light energy)
potential energy
Energy that is stored and held in readiness

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