34 terms

the progressives (all vocab)

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progressive
favoring reform
political machine
powerful organizations linked to political parties who controlled local governments in many cities
patronage
the appointments or privledges that a politician can give to loyal supporters
civil service
body of non elected government workers
muckraker
journalists who wrote stories that brought public attention to problems and exposed corruption and injustices
trust
combination of corporations with the purpose of reducing competition and controlling prices
primary
an election in which members of a party choose candidates for a governmental position
initiative
allowed citizens to place a measure of issue on the ballot in a state election
referendum
gave voters the opportunity to accept or reject measures that athe state legislature enacted
recall
enabled voters to remove unsatisfactory elected officials from their job
kickback
an arrangement in which contractors padded the amount of their bill for city work and paid, or "kicked back" a percentage of that amount to the political bosses
political boss
representative for or head of the political machine, gained votes for their parties by doing favors for people
pendleton act
established the civil service commission
civil service commission
set up competitive examinations for federal jobs
sherman antitrust act
first federal law to control trusts and monopolies
interstate commerce act
required railroads to charge "reasonable and just" rates and to publish those rates, created the interstates commerce commission to supervise railroads and later trucking
meat inspection act
law passed in 1906 that began inspection of meat packing plants, law was created after "the jungle" was published and citizens pressured to have the law made
pure food and drug act
passed in 1906 requiring accurate labeling of food and medicine and banning the sale of harmful food
oregon system
reforms consisting of initiative, referendum, and reform that originated in oregon.
seventeenth amendment
direct election of senators, passed in 1913
suffragist
men and women who fought for the right to vote
nineteenth amendment
allowed women suffrage
prohibition
passing of laws to prohibit the making or selling of alcohol
eighteenth amendment
prohibition ratified in 1919
arbitration
settling a dispute by agreeing to accept the decision of an impartial outsider
square deal
fair and equal treatment for all
laissez-faire
let people do as they choose
conservation
protection and preservation of natural resources
sixteenth amendment
gave congress the power to tax people's incomess
bull moose party
nickname for the progressive party
federal reserve act
passed to regulate banking
federal trade commission
has the power to investigate corporations for unfair trade practices
discrimination
unequal treatment because of race, religion, or ethnic background
gentlemen's agreement
restricted japanese immigration to the united states