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POLIT 100 Chapter 1
Terms in this set (55)
Which of the following is true of a representative democracy?
The will of the majority is expressed by elected representatives.
The Constitution of the U.S. gives ________ exclusive power over relations with foreign nations.
the national government
Which of the following statements is true of direct democracy?
A high degree of citizens participation is required in government
Which of the following statements is true of public services?
Providing a source of income to people whose ability to work is limited by a notable disability is a public
Which of the following is one of the views held by James Madison?
People need some form of government.
The Magna Carta:
formed the basis of the future constitutional government for England.
In the context of original American political ideology, conservatives:
wished to keep traditional social and political habits.
National defense and domestic law enforcement:
are examples of services provided equally to all citizens.
In the context of functions of government, which of the following is true of power?
involves getting someone to do something that he or she would not otherwise do
The term theocracy is best defined as:
a government that rules according to religious precepts.
Life expectancy in the United States is expected to increase significantly in the future. This would imply that:
the distribution of the national income among generations will become more difficult.
A(n)__________is a form of government based on the principle that the powers of government should be clearly restricted either through a written document or through wide public understanding.
Which of the following is true of the Magna Carta?
It forced the king to obtain the nobles' approval of any taxes he imposed on them.
_____ is a form of autocracy.
One of the outgrowths of the civil rights movement of the 1960s was an emphasis on _____, the belief that the American society should maintain and protect its diversity by laws.
The Declaration of Independence:
included the political values of limited government.
A key element in conservative thinking is the belief that the__________.
distribution of economic benefits that exists in the absence of government involvement is optimum
_____ is an example of a constitutional monarchy.
_____ is a voluntary agreement among individuals to create a government and to give that government adequate power to secure the mutual protection and welfare of all individuals.
A social contract
A government is performing the function of _____ when it maintains city roads.
providing public services
Unlike constitutional monarchs, absolute monarchs:
hold complete and unlimited power.
_____ is defined as disagreements among people in a society over what the society's priorities should be.
Which of the following is a fundamental principle on which American democracy is based?
Equal protection of the law
In a constitutional monarchy, _____.
the monarch's power is limited by government leaders
Which of the following statements is true of an autocracy?
Authority lies in the hands of a single person.
Which of the following statements is true about liberalism?
Liberals support the protection of minority rights of all kinds.
Undemocratic systems that are not supported by tradition are called _____.
Which of the following is true of a monarchy?
A monarch's power is acquired through inheritance.
The English Bill of Rights passed by the English Parliament in 1689 established that the king or queen:
had to have Parliament's approval to maintain an army.
A totalitarian dictator__________.
seeks to control almost all aspects of social and economic life
Joseph Stalin's rule in the Soviet Union is an example of a(n) _____.
Which of the following best describes the term capitalism?
It is an economic system based on the private ownership of wealth-producing property.
In the twenty-first century, differences among Americans in interpreting their collectively held values underlie the division between the _____ parties.
Republican and Democratic
The founders of the United States believed that__________would deteriorate into mob rule.
A(n) _____ is a government system in which a leader or group of leaders seeks to control almost all aspects of social and economic life.
Which of the following is an example of a public service provided by the government?
Preserving national parks
Why did the founders of the United States opt for representative democracy instead of the Athenian model of direct democracy?
They thought that the rights of the minority would be ignored.
In the context of the English monarchy, the _____ prohibited the taking of a free man's life, liberty, or property except through due process of law.
Which of the following statements is true of libertarians?
They oppose almost all government regulation of the economy.
A republic is essentially a(n) _____.
__________is possible only in small communities in which citizens can meet in a chosen place and decide key issues and policies.
Which of the following is a characteristic of conservatives?
They place a high value on the principle of order, on family values, and on patriotism.
Defending the nation and its culture against future acts of aggression became more important for the U.S. government:
after the attacks on the World Trade Center.
Which of the following is true of the Tea Party movement?
It resists political compromise.
The basic principle of _____ that had evolved in England was incorporated by the framers of the U.S. Constitution.
_____ is defined as the ability to legitimately exercise power, such as the power to make and enforce laws.
_____ is defined as the process of resolving conflicts over how society should use its scarce resources and who should receive various benefits, such as public health care and public higher education.
_____ is defined as the individuals and institutions that make society's rules and possess the power and authority to enforce those rules.
Which of the following is an example of a service that is provided only to citizens who are in need at a particular time, even though it is paid for by all citizens through taxes?
Social Security Disability Insurance
When Tibet was taken over by the People's Republic of China in the 1950s, the effective result was large-scale cultural destruction. This example represents a consequence of:
Failure to defend successfully against a foreign attack
The main idea of democracy is that government exists only by the consent of the people and reflects the will of the _____.
A ____ is a process in which the voters themselves decide a specific question rather than letting their elected officials resolve the issue.
When the legislature sends a ballot proposal to the voters, it is known as a(n) ____.
______ right are defined as rights that are not bestowed by governments but are inherent within every man, woman, and child by virtue of the fact that he or she is a human being.
Life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness are natural rights outlined in the _____.
Declaration of Independence
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