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Dr. David Livingstone
Scottish missionary who traveled to Africa in the 1850s; wrote the book "Missionary Travels"; became a consul; died in central Africa in 1873.
Missionary who spent time in Africa; inspired Dr. David Livingstone to become a missionary to Africa.
book written by Dr. Livingstone in 1857; details his explorations as a missionary in Africa
Henry Morton Stanley
American reporter who traveled to Africa in search of Dr. Livingstone; wrote for the New York Times; famous for saying "Dr. Livingstone, I presume?"; helped to map out trade routes in the Congo
King Leopold II
king of Belgium; wanted to claim land in Africa for Belgium; established International African Association
International African Association
organization established by King Leopold II to bring modern science and trade into Africa; used this Association to claim land as own personal colony
the years after 1880, in Africa, when many European countries were elbowing each other to gain land in Africa
1884; Germany held conference of European nations to set rules about gaining land in Africa; agreed that if any country had built trading posts and missionary stations then they "occupied" the land and no other country would try to claim or attack that territory; did not take into account African tribes who lived in these lands
Dutch settlers who settled in southern Africa over 100 years before The Scramble; later known as Afrikaners
the northern migration of the Boers out of Cape Colony because the didn't want to live under British control
war between the British and the Boers; started because of the invasion of Transvaal by the British; ended in 1902 by the Peace of Vereeniging; led to the formation of the Union of South Africa
Peace of Vereeniging
peace treaty signed in 1902 by the Afrikaners and British; united all the colonies in southern Africa into British controlled Union of South Africa
Nation whose independence is limited by the control of a more powerful country; Liberia was a protectorate
one of two emperors of Ethiopia; held title of King of Kings until he was shot during a battle with western invaders
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