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20 terms

Africa 1850-1900

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Dr. David Livingstone
Scottish missionary who traveled to Africa in the 1850s; wrote the book "Missionary Travels"; became a consul; died in central Africa in 1873.
Robert Moffat
Missionary who spent time in Africa; inspired Dr. David Livingstone to become a missionary to Africa.
Missionary Travels
book written by Dr. Livingstone in 1857; details his explorations as a missionary in Africa
consul
British government official; title given to Dr. Livingstone in 1858 by British government.
Henry Morton Stanley
American reporter who traveled to Africa in search of Dr. Livingstone; wrote for the New York Times; famous for saying "Dr. Livingstone, I presume?"; helped to map out trade routes in the Congo
King Leopold II
king of Belgium; wanted to claim land in Africa for Belgium; established International African Association
International African Association
organization established by King Leopold II to bring modern science and trade into Africa; used this Association to claim land as own personal colony
The Scramble
the years after 1880, in Africa, when many European countries were elbowing each other to gain land in Africa
Berlin Conference
1884; Germany held conference of European nations to set rules about gaining land in Africa; agreed that if any country had built trading posts and missionary stations then they "occupied" the land and no other country would try to claim or attack that territory; did not take into account African tribes who lived in these lands
Boers
Dutch settlers who settled in southern Africa over 100 years before The Scramble; later known as Afrikaners
Cape Colony
the colony that the Dutch built in southern Africa; later taken over by the British
Great Trek
the northern migration of the Boers out of Cape Colony because the didn't want to live under British control
Free State
one of two colonies settled by the Boers after the Great Trek
Transvaal
one of two colonies settled by the Boers after the Great Trek
Boer War
war between the British and the Boers; started because of the invasion of Transvaal by the British; ended in 1902 by the Peace of Vereeniging; led to the formation of the Union of South Africa
Mafeking
British railroad town in southern Africa that was surrounded by Boers for 217 days
Peace of Vereeniging
peace treaty signed in 1902 by the Afrikaners and British; united all the colonies in southern Africa into British controlled Union of South Africa
protectorate
Nation whose independence is limited by the control of a more powerful country; Liberia was a protectorate
Yohannes IV
one of two emperors of Ethiopia; held title of King of Kings until he was shot during a battle with western invaders
Menelik II
one of two emperors of Ethiopia; took over after Yohannes IV died; defeated Italy and signed a treaty with them that recognized Ethiopia's independence