13 terms

Types & Systems of Government - Chapter 3, Lesson 4

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Direct democracy
__________ - a government in which all citizens vote directly on all matters of public policy.
Representative democracy
__________ - a government in which citizens choose a group of people to represent them, make laws, and govern on their behalf.
Socialism
__________ - when government owns businesses and industries and decides how to use resources and what to pay workers.
Communism
__________ - a government where the state owns all natural resources, industries, and businesses and that is run by a single party.
Monarchy
__________ - a government with a single hereditary ruler.
Oligarchy
__________ - a government in which a small group of people holds all the power.
Autocracy
__________ - a government in which one person holds all the power.
federal
In a __________ system, power is divided among a central, national government and smaller, self-governing units such as states.
parliamentary
In a __________ system, citizens elect representatives to parliament, a national legislature. The political party with the most members in parliament elects the nation's leader.
unitary
In a __________ system, all power is held by the central, national government. It may or may not grant power to smaller administrative units (e.g. -
states or provinces).
confederal
In a __________ system, smaller governmental units join together voluntarily to create a common, national body to carry out certain functions. They retain most political power.
federal
The United States has a __________ system of government.
state
In the US, governing power is divided between the national and the __________ governments.