33 terms

IB Language and Literature Rhetoric devices.

STUDY
PLAY
alliteration
repetition of sounds at the beginning of two or more adjacent words.
allusion
a brief, usually indirect reference to a person, place, or event--real or fictional.
anaphora
repetition of the same group of words at the beginning of successive clauses or sentences.
antithesis
the juxtaposition of contrasting words or ideas, often in parallel structure.
apostrophe
a direct address to an inanimate or abstract object; a sudden turn from the general audience to address a specific group or person.
appositive:
a noun or noun phrase placed next to another word or phrase that renames it.
climax
repetition of words, phrases, or clauses in order of increasing number of importance.
epistrophe
repetition of the same group of words at the end of successive clauses.
ethos
the means of persuasion by the appeal of a text to the credibility and character of the speaker, writer, or narrator, or some authority to which they refer.
euphemism
substitution of an agreeable or at least non-offensive expression for one whose plainer meaning might be harsh or unpleasant
hendiadys
use of two similar words connected by a conjunction to express a single idea.
hyperbole
overstatement, or exaggeration, used for effect.
imagery
language that evokes particular sensations or emotionally rich experiences to the reader in precise detail.
imperative
a statement made as a direct order.
interruption
interrupting the flow of ideas to insert some piece of information.
jargon
the specialized vocabulary of a particular professional group, often meaningless to outsiders.
litotes
understatement used for effect.
logos
the means of persuasion by demonstrating logical proof, real or apparent.
metaphor
comparing two unlike things to associate similar qualities.
metonymy
referring to an entity by one of its attributes.
neologism
a newly coined word or expression.
onomatopoeia
words whose sound are related to their meaning
oxymoron
words that have apparently contradictory meanings are placed near each other.
paralipsis
the technique used by speakers to say something by pretending that they are not talking about it.
parallelism:
using the same grammatical structure for similar ideas
pathos
the means of persuasion that appeals to the audience's emotions.
personification:
inanimate objects are given human characteristics.
pun
a word that suggests two of its meanings or the meaning of a homonym.
rhetorical question
a question designed not to secure an answer but to move the development of an idea forward and suggest a point.
simile
an explicit comparison between two things using 'like' or 'as'.
slang:
words or phrases that are considered informal.
synecdoche
using a part of something to refer to the whole.
tricolon
a series of three parallel words, phrases, or clauses.
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