IB Language and Literature Rhetoric devices.
repetition of sounds at the beginning of two or more adjacent words.
a brief, usually indirect reference to a person, place, or event--real or fictional.
repetition of the same group of words at the beginning of successive clauses or sentences.
the juxtaposition of contrasting words or ideas, often in parallel structure.
a direct address to an inanimate or abstract object; a sudden turn from the general audience to address a specific group or person.
a noun or noun phrase placed next to another word or phrase that renames it.
repetition of words, phrases, or clauses in order of increasing number of importance.
repetition of the same group of words at the end of successive clauses.
the means of persuasion by the appeal of a text to the credibility and character of the speaker, writer, or narrator, or some authority to which they refer.
substitution of an agreeable or at least non-offensive expression for one whose plainer meaning might be harsh or unpleasant
use of two similar words connected by a conjunction to express a single idea.
overstatement, or exaggeration, used for effect.
language that evokes particular sensations or emotionally rich experiences to the reader in precise detail.
a statement made as a direct order.
interrupting the flow of ideas to insert some piece of information.
the specialized vocabulary of a particular professional group, often meaningless to outsiders.
understatement used for effect.
the means of persuasion by demonstrating logical proof, real or apparent.
comparing two unlike things to associate similar qualities.
referring to an entity by one of its attributes.
a newly coined word or expression.
words whose sound are related to their meaning
words that have apparently contradictory meanings are placed near each other.
the technique used by speakers to say something by pretending that they are not talking about it.
using the same grammatical structure for similar ideas
the means of persuasion that appeals to the audience's emotions.
inanimate objects are given human characteristics.
a word that suggests two of its meanings or the meaning of a homonym.
a question designed not to secure an answer but to move the development of an idea forward and suggest a point.
an explicit comparison between two things using 'like' or 'as'.
words or phrases that are considered informal.
using a part of something to refer to the whole.
a series of three parallel words, phrases, or clauses.
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