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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
8.6 - The Civil War (Reconstruction)
Terms in this set (31)
Vice President who became President when Lincoln was assassinated. He was from Tennessee and tried to carry out Lincoln's vision for a forgiving Reconstruction. He was opposed by the Radical Republicans in Congress, impeached but no convicted, and was ineffective.
A nickname for people from the North who came to the South after the war to help with Reconstruction. The name comes from the thick fabric suitcases they carried. In the South, "carpetbagger" is an insult since it refers to an outsider who shows up and tries to tell you how you should live.
Leader of the Radical Republicans in the Senate.
The government organization created to help former slaves transition to free life after the war. They are especially remembered for setting up and running schools.
Ku Klux Klan
A White terrorist organization that was formed immediately after the Civil War to counter Northern reconstruction efforts. They attacked African Americans and Republicans. They began to die out as Reconstruction ended, but later became popular again in the 1920s and were an important political force through the 1960s.
Members of the Republican Party who were strong abolitionists and wanted to punish the South.
White Democrats in the South who made it was their mission to restore as much of the antebellum social order as possible, including eliminating voting and civil rights for African Americans and establishing the Jim Crow system of segregation.
Rutherford B. Hayes
Republican who became president in 1877.
Democratic Governor of New York. He ran for president in 1876 but lost but did not win as a result of the Compromise of 1877.
When farmers pay to live and grow food on someone else's land.
Leader of the Radical Republicans in the House of Representatives.
A general forgiving of crimes for an entire group of people. After the war, former Confederate soldiers were given amnesty from prosecution for treason.
Forty Acres and a Mule
This is what General Sherman promised all freed slaves. Since he had no power to seize property to give to the slaves, he wasn't able to fulfill his promise.
A rule that stated that if a person's grandfather had voted, they could also. This was a way to allow poor and illiterate Whites who could not pay poll taxes or pass literacy tests to vote while preventing the descendants of former slaves from voting.
A legal process for removing a president or other elected official because of a crime they have committed.
A test that a person had to pass in order to vote. White officials were able to manipulate the results so that African Americans didn't pass the tests and therefore could not vote.
To hang a person without a trial. Lynching was used by the KKK and other White terrorist groups to intimidate African Americans.
When a president or governor forgives a particular person's crime.
A tax a person has to pay in order to vote. It effectively prevents poor people, especially aimed at African Americans, from voting.
When farm workers use land that belongs to someone else and pay by sharing some of what they grow.
A law that gave political, especially voting rights back to former Confederate soldiers.
Civil Rights Bill of 1866
The first major law passed after the Civil War to provide basic rights to all African Americans.
Compromise of 1877
A deal struck between Republicans and Democrats after the close and contested presidential election between Rutherford B. Hayes and Samuel Tilden. Democrats allowed Hayes to become president in return for the end of Reconstruction and the removal of federal troops from the South.
The amendment to the Constitution ratified in 1864 that ended slavery.
The amendment to the Constitution ratified in 1865 that give citizenship to anyone born in the United States, effectively making former slaves citizens.
The amendment to the Constitution ratified in 1869 that guaranteed the right all men regardless of race.
The nickname for a system of laws that enforced segregation. For example, African Americans had separate schools, rode in the backs of busses, could not drink from White drinking fountains, and could not eat in restaurants or stay in hotels, etc.
Lodge Force Bills
Proposed by Henry Cabot Lodge, these laws provided federal overseers to make sure that African Americans could vote. Later, however, they were rescinded and the Jim Crow system was put into effect.
The period immediately after the Civil War ended when reconstruction was based on Lincoln and especially President Andrew Johnson's lenient and forgiving policies.
The later period of reconstruction which was led by the Radical Republicans in Congress rather than by President Andrew Johnson.
Recommended textbook explanations
HMH Social Studies American History: Reconstruction to the Present Guided Reading Workbook
United States History: Beginnings to 1877
Deborah Gray White, William Deverell
United States History: Independence to 1914 (California)
Deborah Gray White, William Deverell
Discovering Our Past: A History of the United States
Alan Brinkley, Albert S. Broussard, Donald A. Ritchie, James M. McPherson, Joyce Appleby
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