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The Living Environment Topic 4: Reproduction and Development Vocabulary
Terms in this set (26)
A method of reproduction in which all the genes passed on to the offspring come from a single individual or parent.
A technique used to make identical organisms.
The changes that occur from the fertilized egg to a complete individual; occurs by mitosis and differentiation of cells.
The process that transforms developing cells into specialized cells with different structures and functions.
A sex cell produced by a female.
An organism in the early stages of development (prior to birth).
A hormone produced by the ovaries that controls female sexual development and the reproductive process.
The way that an unseen gene is seen in an organism as an actual physical trait.
The process that combines a sperm cell and an egg cell.
The unborn, developing young of an animal during the later stages of development.
An egg or sperm cell; a sex cell.
The result of activated genes (unseen gene is seen as a physical trait).
The process that results in the production of sex cells (sperm and egg).
The process divides the cell's nucleus into two, each with a complete set of genetic material from the parent cell.
The organ of the human female reproductive system that produces an egg cell (female gamete).
The organ that enables nutrients and oxygen to pass from the mother's blood to the fetus, and waste products to pass from the fetus to the mother's blood.
A hormone associated with sexual development and the reproductive system.
The additional mixing of genetic material from a sperm and egg which results in a unique combination of genes.
An egg (female or a sperm (male).
A method of reproduction that involves two parents to produce offspring that are genetically different from either parent.
A group of organisms that share certain characteristics and can mate with one another, producing fertile offspring.
The male sex cell.
The male reproductive organ that produces sperm and the hormone testosterone.
A hormone associated with male sexual development and reproduction.
The organ, in female animals, where the embryo develops into a fetus.
The cell that results from the joining of the egg and sperm.
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