Abeka "New World History" 6th Grade Chapter 7
US History: The Colonial Heritage
Terms in this set (100)
The 1st European to reach the mainland of what is now the US (United States) is called?
a Spaniard named, Juan Ponce de Leon
The British explorer who sent colonists to Va (Virginia) is whom?
The person for whom Va (Virginia) was named ?
Queen Elizabeth I who was known as the Virgin Queen"
What continues to be known as the "Lost Colony" ?
In what year did English Settlers establish Jamestown?
what year did the 1st European, a Spaniard, arrive US?
in what year did Columbus sail the ocean blue and discover the New World?
Who was the 1st English child to be born in America?
Who was known as the Virgin Queen?
Queen Elizabeth I
In God's perfect timing, what year did England become a Protestant country?
What significant event occurred when England became a Protestant country in 1585?
People were free to read the Bible for themselves and Queen Elizabeth I had Bibles placed in every church.
England founds Roanoke Colony
A.D. is Latin for ?
Anno Domini means?
"In the year of our Lord"
what is a Time Line?
a graph that shows events in their correct order
What era, lasting 1,000 years, was ushered in after the collapse of the Roman Empire?
Middle Ages or the Dark Ages (500-1500 A.D.)
Who and What put an end to the Dark Ages in 1517?
Martin Luther King and the Protestant Reformation
Who was Governor of the Roanoke Colony?
What is the Spanish Armada?
Spans powerful fleet that raged war with England
In what year did England defeat Spain's Spanish Armada, with England now becoming the most powerful country in the world?
Why is Roanoke known as the Lost Colony?
Settlers who had moved from Roanoke to another Island, Croatoan, but never found.
Name the 1st permanent English Colony?
Who was King James I?
Succeeded Queen Elizabeth I as King of England, after her death in 1603
Where does James River get its name?
In honor of their King, King James I
Name the 3 ships that were sent In founding Jamestown in 1607 ?
Discovery, Susan Constant, God's Speed
After John Smith leaves for Medical attention in 1609, the colonists go back to their old ways of not working and a very hard time fell upon them called?
The Starving Time
What is the Free Enterprise System?
An incentive program introduced by Governor Dale, successor to De La Warr, that allowed men to own land, produce crops for their us and for trade.
Who was Lord De La Warr?
1st Governor of Jamestown
Who established "the Common - Store System"?
The London Company
Who brought the 1st blacks to Virginia?
the Dutch ships
Who were the Separatists?
a group of people who wanted to be separate from The Church of England because they wanted to preach and what the Bible teaches and felt the Church of England was not true to the Bible teachings.
What new name were the Separatists given after receiving permission to leave England by King James, boarding the May Flower to found their own colony in America?
In what year did the Mayflower make its voyage to Massachusetts?
What is the Mayflower Compact?
The first written agreement of Self-Government in American that was established by the Pilgrims.
Where did the Pilgrims set up their 1st colony?
Who was Squanto?
The Indian who lived with the Pilgrims and
taught them how to hunt and plant corn.
The 1st Governor of Plymouth?
The name of the Pilgrims Colony?
The American Indian who lived with the Pilgrims and helped them?
Name the 13 original Colonies.
Who claimed part of North America for England in 1497?
Who Claimed the area of New York for the Dutch in 1609?
Who claimed the area of New York for the French in 1609?
John White governed which colony?
Lord De La Warr governed which colony?
John Carver governed which colony?
William Bradford governed which colony?
John Winthrop governed which colony?
Leader of the Puritans and governed Massachusetts
Peter Stuyvesant governed which colony?
New Netherland (New Yorks Manhattan Island)
name the 4 New England Colonies?
Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Connecticut, Rhode Island
Who Founded Roanoke?
Sir Walter Raleigh
Who Founded Rhode Island?
Who Founded New Hampshire?
Who Founded Connecticut?
Who Founded Pennsylvania?
Who Founded New Jersey?
The Dutch and Swedes founded
Who Founded Maryland?
Cecil Calvert, 2nd Lord of Baltimore
Who Founded Georgia?
Name the Middle Colonies?
New York, Delaware, New Jersey, Pennsylvania
Name the company formed by a group of puritan businessmen
Massachusetts Bay Company
name the title of William Bradford, which he wrote during his 36 years as Governor of Plymouth that tells us much of what we know about the Pilgrims.
Of Plymouth Plantation
Who where the Puritans?
A group of Christian in England who, like the Separatists, disagreed with the Church of England however they didn't want t0 separate from the Church of England but rather "purify" it from the un-Scriptural teaching and practice.
The Puritans were being put into jail by the King for not believing and worshiping God as the King did and the Puritans now wanted freedom in America like the Separatists or Pilgrims. What one obstacle that kept the Puritans from going to America?
a Charter from the King of England
What was the name of the Puritans Charter?
The Massachusetts Bay Company
What name did the Massachusetts bay Company give their colony when they arrived to America?
Massachusetts bay Colony
The Puritans named the town of their new found Colony?
What is the Great Migrations?
More than 20,000 Puritans arrived to New England between 1630-1640
why did Governor John Winthrop, of Massachusetts, described his colony as "a city upon a hill"?
They were an example to the world of a Christian Society
What 5 things are the Puritans most remembered for today?
Trust in God, Hard working, High standards, strict discipline and belief that ALL should have a good education
How did it get its name?
its purpose was to defeat Satan in his attempt to keep men from reading the Bible
Name the famous governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony who the American Indians called "Single Tongue", a phrase that governor used to describe the Puritans' colony ?
Name the colony that Roger Williams founded?
What law established the first town education system in America?
"Ole Deluder Satan Act" in 1647
Name the Dutch governor who surrendered his colony to the English in 1664?
Peter Stuyvesant (New Netherlands)
Who was the Englishman responsible for establishing Pennsylvania?
what 3 countries claimed New York?
England, France and The Dutch
name the 2 men to whom the King of England gave New Jersey?
The Duke of York gave New Jersey to 2 of his friends, Sir George Carteret and Lord John Berkley
why were there fewer schools in the Middle Colonies than there were in the New England Colonies?
The farms of the Middle Colonies were larger, and people lived farther apart than the people of New England.
in 1609 who tried to find a made up rout through the N. and S. America called the "N. W. passage"
Samuel de Champlain
during the same year a Frenchman sailed down from Quebec and explored what is now northern New York
Because of the War between England and Spain
Why couldn't John White return to Roanoke Colony as soon as he had planned?
What was the name of the powerful Spanish fleet the British defeated during this time?
It is important because it was the first written agreement for self government in America.
Why was the Mayflower Compact important?
Name the king who granted the Mass. Bay Comp. a charter for land in America.
King Charles I
Name the freedom Rhode Island offered before any other colony?
Why are the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
important to American history?
They were the first written constitution in
America and would later serve as a model
for our Constitution.
Name the religious group to which William Penn belonged.
Quakers, otherwise known as "Society of Friends"
Name the Catholic man who asked the king of England for land in America for a colony where Catholics and others would be free to worship.
What was South Carolina's first permanent settlement?
Name the brave and kind leader of English settlers in Georgia?
Name the first settlement of Georgia which James Oglethorpe planned.
Name the founder of the first orphanage in the English colonies.
Why is the House of Burgesses an important
part of our nation's history?
It set an important example for representative government.
Name the main differences between schools and churches in the New England Colonies and Southern Colonies.
- NE Colonies were closer together
- S Colonies had larger spread out farms
- NE Colonies school all in one school house
- S Colonies homeschooled or not at all.
- S Colonies had fewer churches and waited for traveling preachers
Name the spiritual revival that took place in the colonies from about 1730 to about 1760.
Name the great congregational preacher who was one of the first leaders of the Great Awakening; preached a series of sermons about
The man who, as a result of the Great Awakening, became one of the first missionaries to the Indians
The English evangelist who was famous for traveling through the colonies preaching at large open-air meetings during the 1700's.
Name the first black woman writer in America to publish a book.
Some effects the Great Awakening had on the American colonies.
Drew the colonists together so that our country would truly become one nation under God. moral living, hard work