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right/left iliac regions
right/left sides of the pelvis (if you are looking at the picture it is flipped. right iliac on your left side looking at it and left iliac on your right side looking at it)
right/left hypochondriac regions
right and left sides of the ribs (if you are looking at the picture it is flipped. right hypochondriac on your left side looking at it and left hypochondriac on your right side looking at it)
4 quadrants of the body
cut in 4 at the bellybutton. transversal and saggital cuts. right upper (when looking at the picture it is on your left), left upper (same for this one--on right when looking at it), right lower, left lower
the balance in temperature, pressure, water/oxygen levels etc. that need to be maintained in the body. not maintaining homeostasis can lead to illness and even death
11 organ systems
integumentary, digestive, cardiovascular, respiratory, lymphatic, endocrine, skeletal, muscular, urinary, nervous, reproductive
skin, hair, nails, sweat and sebaceous glands. covers and protects the body; regulates temperature
mouth, esophagus, stomach, intestines, liver, pancreas. ingests and digests food; absorbs nutrients into blood
heart, blood vessels, blood. transports material from one part of the body to another; defends against disease
lymph, lymph vessels, lymphoid organs. returns tissue fluid to the blood; defends against disease
brain, spinal cord, nerves, sense receptors. coordinates body activities; receives and transmits stimuli
bones, cartilage, ligaments. provides body framework and support; protects; attaches muscles to bones; provides calcium storage
pituitary, adrenal, thyroid, other ductless glands. regulates metabolic activities and body chemistry
kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra. excretes metabolic wastes; regulates fluid balance and acid-base balance
irritability (discomfort); detecting changes in the external or internal environment and reacting to that change
cellular level: molecules move from one place to another. blood moves to different parts of the body
baby. formation of new cells to replace old ones and for growth (cellular reproduction)
increase in size (either the cells get larger or multiply). anabolic processes must occur at a faster rate than catabolic for this to happen
unspecialized cells change into specialized cells with distinctive structural and functional characteristics. through this cells develop into tissues and then into organs
breaking down complex foods into simple molecules to be absorbed into the blood and used by the body
5 physical factors from the environment needed for life
water. 60% of us is water. provides a medium in which chemical reactions occur, transports substances, and helps to regulate temperature
carbs, proteins, fats, vitamins, and minerals. come from the foods we eat. supply chemicals the body needs for energy and to make new tissues
form of energy. necessary to keep the chemical reactions in the body proceeding at an appropriate rate. to a point, the more heat the faster the reaction.
breathing. hydrostatic pressure: force applied by fluids (blood pressure) essential for the circulation of blood.
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