MCA Reading Prep - Examples

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Protagonist
Generally the main character - the "good people" - Moana, Rapunzel, Elsa, Han Solo, Luke Skywalker
Antagonist
Goes against the main character - the "bad people" - Darth Vader, Cruella Deville, Voldemort
Setting
The time and place - the middle school - the beach - a movie theater - in 1865 - during World War II
Conflict
Internal conflict - Person v. self
External conflict - Person v. person, person v. society, & person v. nature
Theme
Courage, freedom, friendship, growing up, identity, patience, prejudice, self-reliance, truth, happiness
First Person Narrator
"I do not want to go to school because I do not like math homework."
Third Person Narrator
"They were outside playing baseball."
Analogy
Telephone is to communication as _____________ is to transportation.
Fact
1 + 1 = 2
Opinion
Apples are better fruit than oranges are.
Verse
The rhyming pattern:

A. I do not like them Sam I am
A. I do not like green eggs and ham
B. I do not like them on a boat
B. I do not like the with a goat
C. I will not eat them in the rain
C. I will not eat them on a train
Rhythm
The strong and weak beats in a poem - think of how verses form songs.
Rhyme
The repetition of sounds at the end of a line:

A. I do not like them Sam I AM
A. I do not like green eggs and HAM
B. I do not like them on a BOAT
B. I do not like the with a GOAT
C. I will not eat them in the RAIN
C. I will not eat them on a TRAIN
Stanza
A group of two or more lines in a poem
Simile
LIKE OR AS:

My dog is AS smelly AS dirty socks
Metaphor
DOES NOT USE LIKE OR AS:

Life is a journey
You are a jem
Alliteration
The repetition of sound at the beginning of words:

She Sells Sea Shells on the Sea Shore.
Exposition - Story Element
The introduction, setting, characters, and background information
Rising Action - Story Element
The introduction to the conflict of the story
Climax - Story Element
The turning point of the story
Falling Action - Story Element
The part of the story where the problem is solved
Resolution - Story Element
The ending of the story
Symbol
Bald Eagle - Freedom, liberty
American Flag - United States
Hyperbole
Exaggeration

"I would rather sail across the Atlantic Ocean in a bucket than babysit my little sister."
Syllabication
Separation of words into syllables (clapping)

Syl-lab-i-fi-ca-tion
Mood
The feeling created in the reader

Sad, down, depressed
happy, excited, elated
Imagery
Appeals to your senses

Sight
Touch
Hear
See
Smell
Onomatopoeia
Words that sound like the noises the describe

POOF
BANG
POW
BUZZ
POP
Meter
stressed and unstressed syllables in a poem

HAT
CAT
BAT
SAT
Idiom
Means something other than the literal meaning of words

"It is raining cats and dogs"

"Don't spill the beans"
Allusion
Referencing something the reader is likely to know

"When she lost her job, she acted like a Scrooge, and refused to buy anything that was not necessary."

Alluding to Scrooge - extremely negative, angry
Paradox
Opposites

"They must go to war to make peace"
Pun
Switching words that are alike in sound

"When a clock is hungry it goes back four (for) seconds."
Irony
Use of words that really mean the opposite of what one wants

- You study all week for a spelling test, then misspell your name on the test
- Going to Camp Greenlake, realizing there is no lake and it is not green.
Tone
The author's attitude

Bitter
Happy
Sad
Negative
Angry
Optimistic
Haiku
5 syllables
7 syllables
5 syllables

"Sand scatters the beach
Waves crash on the sandy shore
Blue water shimmers"
Bias
A feeling in favor of one thing over another

I like turkey more than ham, therefore my favorite holiday is Thanksgiving.
Cause
To bring about or start some action

She was on her phone while driving, so she hit the car in front of her.

Cause = on her phone
Effect
The result of an action

She was on her phone while driving, so she hit the car in front of her

Effect = she hit the car
Evidence
The information used to prove an authors point -

Facts
Quotes
Action

She did not like to eat vegetables because she only took brownies and strawberries to eat at the barbecue.
Interpret
The explain the meaning of....

"Interpret the quote by Abraham Lincoln and describe the importance."
Point of View
The way a person thinks or feels about an issue, situation, or action.

"I am sad because it is raining outside."

Authors point of view - sad
Source
Types -

Newspaper
Images
Quotes
Speeches
Audience
The group the reading is intended for.

People that like to read
People that play baseball
People that live in the town of Jordan
Compare
Similarities
Contrast
Differences
Summarize
Main points in your own words

Cinderella was once the non-wanted daughter, until one day she met the prince. As the clock struck 12 she ran home, and lost her shoe in the process. The prince searched the whole town until Cinderella tried the shoe on and it fit. Happily ever after.
Making Inferences/Infer
Use clues to figure out the main idea.
Main Idea
The most important idea of the reading.

Rollercoasters - details
1. They loop upside down
2. They twist and turn
3. The rise high and low

Main idea - rollercoasters move in different directions
Third Person Omniscient
Narrator is all knowing!!

"Chris had liked Emma since 3rd grade. Little did he know that Emma had liked him too. They both admired one another from a far, and waited. One day Chris said to Emma, "So you want to go out with me?" Emma felt sick to her stomach. She couldn't believe it. Blushing, she said, "Okay." Chris smiled."
Third Person Limited
Narrator is limited to 1 character

"Chris had liked Emma since the 3rd grade, but he never found the nerve to tell her. One sunny day, Chris said to Emma. "So... you want to go out with me?" Emma blushed and said, "Okay." Chris smiled."
Third Person Objective
Narrator does not reveal any characters thoughts

"Chris slowly walked up to Emma with his hand behind his back. "So... you want to go out with me," he said nervously. Emma blushed. "Okay." Chris smiled.

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