24 terms

American History Chapter 13

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Prohibition
the banning of the manufacture, sale and possession of alcoholic beverages
speakeasy
a place where alcoholic drinks were sold and consumed illegally during Prohibition
bootlegger
a person who smuggled alcoholic beverages into the United States during Prohibition
fundamentalism
a Protestant religious movement grounded in the belief that all the stories and details in the Bible are literally true.
Clarence Darrow
trial lawyer hired by the ACLU during the Scopes trial, he defended Scopes
Scopes trial
a sensational 1925 court case in which the biology teacher, John T Scopes, was tried for challenging a Tennessee law that outlawed the teaching of evolution
flapper
one of the free-thinking young women who embraced the new fashions and urban attitudes of the 1920s
double standard
a set of principles granting a greater sexual freedom to men than women
Charles A Lindbergh
American pilot who made the first nonstop solo flight across the Atlantic
George Gershwin
Jewish composer who gained popularity when joining popular concert music with American jazz
Georgia O'Keefe
artist who captured the grandeur of New York on colored canvas
Sinclair Lewis
the first American to win a Nobel Peace prize in literature
F. Scott Fitzgerald
writer of The Great Gatsby, which revealed the negative side of the period's gaiety and freedom
Edna St. Vincent Millay
poem writer who wrote poems celebrating youth and a life of independence and freedom
Ernest Hemingway
A WWI wounded survivor who later became on of the best known authors in the United States
Zora Neale Hurston
African-American writer who worked her way to the top of African-American literary society
James Weldon Johnson
poet, lawyer and NAACP secretary who pushed for the protection of African-American rights, include anti-lynching laws
Marcus Garvey
Jamaican immigrant who felt as though African-Americans should form a different society
Harlem Renaissance
a flowering of African-American artistic creativity during the 1920s, centered in the Harlem community of New York City
Langston Hughes
best-known Harlem Renaissance poet; his poems moved to the tempo of jazz and blues and they described the difficult lives of working African-Americans
Paul Robeson
African-American who became well known for Broadway acting
Louis Armstrong
African-American trumpet player who later became one of the most well known jazz musicians in American history
Duke Ellington
jazz pianist and composer, who often played at Harlem's Cotton Club
Bessie Smith
female blues singer who was the best outstanding vocalist of the decade