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greatest happiness principle
a utilitarian concept used to measure whether an action or a thing is good; something is good if it brings pleasure or satisfaction to the largest number of people
a method of comparison we use to measure or predict whether an action/thing will do more harm than good (or vice versa)
Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
a concept from psychology often used to establish which human goals or desires are more important than others
a theory about the appropriate relationship between government and individual citizens; it suggests that we give up certain rights to a government in exchange for basic security and guarantees of certain freedoms (debaters disagree about which rights and which freedoms the contract should guarantee)
An ideal that suggests that people are happiest and economy thrive most when governments minimize their regulation, monitoring, and control over the work we do and the kinds of goods we buy & sell
An ideal that suggests that governments should not in any way regulates economic exchange
the kind of rights that are concerned with our most basic level of individual/group security
individual freedoms (perhaps economic or related to privacy) that we typically expect to be guaranteed, but that are not as essential as most other rights
the right of a single government to exercise sole control over a territory; the condition of having a monopoly of power in a country
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