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created for Mr. Reznick's Speech & Debate I class at Daewon Foreign Language HS.

greatest happiness principle

a utilitarian concept used to measure whether an action or a thing is good; something is good if it brings pleasure or satisfaction to the largest number of people

cost-benefit analysis

a method of comparison we use to measure or predict whether an action/thing will do more harm than good (or vice versa)

Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs

a concept from psychology often used to establish which human goals or desires are more important than others

social contract

a theory about the appropriate relationship between government and individual citizens; it suggests that we give up certain rights to a government in exchange for basic security and guarantees of certain freedoms (debaters disagree about which rights and which freedoms the contract should guarantee)

Golden Rule

the idea that we should treat others the way we ourselves want to be treated

economic liberalism

An ideal that suggests that people are happiest and economy thrive most when governments minimize their regulation, monitoring, and control over the work we do and the kinds of goods we buy & sell

laissez-faire economics

An ideal that suggests that governments should not in any way regulates economic exchange

human rights

the kind of rights that are concerned with our most basic level of individual/group security

civil rights

basic political rights that are typically granted to all citizens

personal liberties

individual freedoms (perhaps economic or related to privacy) that we typically expect to be guaranteed, but that are not as essential as most other rights


long-term viability


the right of a group of people to select their own constitution and government


political authority that is recognized by many citizens and other countries


the right of a single government to exercise sole control over a territory; the condition of having a monopoly of power in a country


openness, communication, and accountability in government (typically as a means of preventing waste or corruption)

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