LAB 2 CHAPTER 11 administration of medication

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guidelines for the preparation and administration of medication
-work in a quiet, well lit area that is free from distractions
-be sure to give the correct drug and the proper dose
-read label when pulling med from shelf, before pouring it, and when returning it. label was checked three times
-do not use med if it has changed color, has an unusual odor, or a precipitate has formed
-check expiration date
-check patients records and ask if he/she has any drug allergies
-choose appropriate site to give injection
-make sure medication is given to the right patient
-stay with patient after giving medication
-record in the patients chart: date, time, name of med, dose, route, and any adverse reactions
-six rights:
*right dose
*right drug
*right route
*right time
*right patient
*right technique
oral administration of medication
-important points to consider
-water is usually given with tablets but may not be given with liquid
-when filling a medication cup, pour at eye level with nail marking the proper dosage
parenteral administration
-injection and IV provide a faster rate of absorption into the blood stream
-sterile technique must be used in the drawing and in administration of the injections
-OSHA guidelines must be followed to protect against blood borne pathogens.
vials
many injectable medications come in the form of VIALS
-a closed glass container with a rubber stopper and a metal cap
-single or multi-dose
-need to be mixed (roll do not shake)
technique to draw up a medication from a vial
1)insert needle above fluid level to prevent air bubbles from forming in the syringe
2) inject the same amount of air into the vial then draw up med. this prevents a vacuum from forming in the vial
3) remove air bubbles by tapping