Unit 4 p.44 -48

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

slum
a very poor area in a city, where people live in old
dirty buildings
discrimination (n), discriminate (v)
when you treat sb or a group of people
differently, usually in a worse way, than others
mugged (adj), mug (v), mugger (n)
attacked and robbed in a public place
gritty
difficult, unpleasant or unattractive
favela
a very poor area in Brazil, with small houses
that are close together and in bad condition
settlement (n), settle (v)
a place where people have come to live
cramped
not having enough room to move freely
resident (n), reside (v), residence (n)
sb who lives in a particular place
middle-class (adj), middle class (n)
connected with educated people who have
good jobs and are neither very rich nor very
poor
urban
in or of a town or city
resources
sth that a person, organisation or country has
and can use
disadvantaged person
sb who does not have the things they need
to succeed in life
fortunate (adj), fortune (n), fortunately (adv)
Opp: unfortunate
lucky
insecure (adj), insecurity (n) ,
Opp: secure
not safe or protected
depend on
If sth depends on sth else, it is changed or
decided by that thing.
alley
a narrow street with walls on both sides
common sense
when you are able to think and do the right thing
and avoid mistakes
plus side
the good things about sth; the advantages of sth
buzz (n), buzz (v)
a lot of activity, noise and excitement
universe
the Earth and all the planets, stars and everything else in space
pedestrian
a person walking in the street
pastry shop
a shop that sells different kinds of small cakes
typical
If sth is typical, it is a good example of a
particular group or thing.
on the run
in a hurry; while doing sth else
victim
a person or thing that is hurt, killed or damaged
by sb or sth
local council
a group of people who are chosen to make
rules and decide things in a particular town or
area
inhabitant (n), inhabit (v)
sb who lives in a particular place
flatmate
sb who shares a flat with you
landlord
a man who rents a building, house, flat, etc to sb
landlady
a woman who rents a building, house, flat, etc
to sb
lodger
sb who pays rent to live in a room in sb's house
occupant (n) , occupy (v)
sb who lives in a building, house, flat, etc
squatter (n), squat (v)
sb who lives in a building illegally
tenant
sb sho pays rent for the house, flat, etc they live
in
rent (n), rent (v)
money you pay to a landlord/landlady to live in
a building, house, flat, etc
commercial (adj), commercialise (v), commerce (n)
related to buying and selling things
industrial (adj), industry (n), industrialist (n)
relating to the mass production of goods
inner-city
near the centre of a large city, especially where
the people are poor
outskirts
the edge of town
residential
where there are only houses and not factories or
offices
suburb (n), suburbia (n), suburban (adj)
an area of a town or city where people live which is not in the town/city centre
majority (n), Opp: minority
the largest part of a group of people or things
avenue
a wide road in a town or city, often with trees
along it
tree-lined
with trees on both sides
pavement
a path at the side of a road for people to
walk on
parking meter
a machine at the side of a road in which you put
money if you want to park your car next to it
approach
come near sb or sth
junction
a place where two or more roads meet
traffic light
a set of red, amber and green lights at junctions
street sign
a sign at the side of a road with symbols that give drivers information
speed bump
a part in a road which is built a little higher to
make traffic go slowly
pedestrian area
a shopping area in a town where vehicles cannot
go
zebra crossing
white stripes on road where people can
cross
speed camera
a camera that takes photographs of cars
that are travelling faster than the speed limit
speed limit
the fastest speed you are allowed to drive
roof
the structure that covers or forms the top of a
building
move out
leave the place you live in
ladder
a thing that you climb up when you want to reach a high place
estate agent
a person whose job is to sell houses and land
town hall
a public building used for a town's local
government
collapse
fall down suddenly
dweller
sb who lives in a particular place
citizen (n) , citizenship (n)
a legal inhabitant of a country
constant(adj), constantly (adv)
continual
level
amount
rural
in or of the countryside
regulate (v), regulation (n)
control
on a regular basis
often or at the same time each day, week, etc
town planner (n), town planning (n)
sb who studies the way towns work so that
roads, houses, services etc can be provided
effectively
coast (n), coastal (adj)
land next to the sea
inland (adj), inland (n)
far from the coast
home town
the town where you were born and grew up
mainly
mostly; more than anything else
claim (v), claim (n)
say sth is true
salary
money that you are paid every month by the
organisation or person you work for
low (adj), Opp: high
below the usual or expected standard
standard of living
the type of life a person has according to the
amount of money they have
on the rise
If sth is on the rise, it is increasing.
quality
how good or bad sth is
operate (v), operation, operator (n)
work
mood swing
change in how you feel
mental health
the condition of your mind
health-care worker
sb whose job is to look after sick people