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Materials Module One Exam
Terms in this set (50)
The Foundation of the Farnsworth house by Mies van der Rohe is best described as a
Method that adjusts steel structural properties after rolling.
tempering and quenching
Foundation type is determined primarily by
subsurface soil conditions and building loads
Types of stone masonry include
coursed rubble, random rubble, coursed ashlar
This type of foundation system was utilized by Machado + Silvetti at the Getty Villa
It was used to hold back the soil of the sloping site, which creating a processional ascent to the villa through the hillside terrain
Often placed in concrete slabs to help dictate where cracks occur by creating a weak point of slightly less depth in the slab.
A residential concrete swimming pool is typically constructed using
Allows for longer spans and curved shapes in timber structures
glued laminated timbers
Exposed braced wall framing often found in buildings from the middle ages and early renaissance
How is a steel wide flange shape mad
put through a series of rollers
Which building system had the greatest impact on twentieth century architecture?
What does 87 stand for in the steel profile W12 x 87
Pounds per foot in length
DOES NOT use precast structural elements
TWA terminal at JFk
NOT a shallow foundation
Piles are often placed close together in clusters. What element joins the cluster of piles to distribute building loads from above equally among each pile.
The soil around an excavation on a constricted site must be held back by temporary walls or sheetings. What type of sheeting is typically incorporated into the permanent building foundation due to its complicated construction and expense.
There are various mortar joints for brick and stone masonry that are suitable for outdoor use and others that are only appropriate for indoor use
STANDARD BRICK SIZE
3-5/8" x 8" x 2-1/4"
Proportional relationship of length of span to depth for a steel beam.
1' depth per 20'
At Sou Fujimoto's final wooden house, how is structural continuity between the wood timbers achieved?
Concealed steel tension rods
TYPICAL DIAMETER OF A #3 REINFORCING BAR
One reason that site cast concrete reinforcing bars are made of steel:
Steel has roughly the same coefficient of thermal expansion as concrete
Framing system most commonly used in contemporary light wood frame structures
Method of cutting lumber that includes dividing the log efficiently and economically to produce a maximum yield of usable lumber
Fire resistance heavy timber/unprotected steel member
The fire resistance of a heavy timber member is typically GREATER than the fire resistance of an unprotected steel member of similar size
Approximate maximum span (ft) for Sawn Timbers
20 to 30
20th Century house WITHOUT a steel frame
Frank Gehry's House
The Boston City Hall used only precast concrete for its structural elements
Connection methods between two precast concrete structural elements
Grout, weld plates, bolts
Le Corbusier and Paul Rudolph used cast in-place concrete to express.
Mass and texture
A sitecast concrete structure that uses material efficiently per geometric curvature
Design of formwork on a structural site cast foundation wall that will be finished in plaster does not need to consider which of these constraints
Steel structural elements that connect concrete concrete footing with a site cast concrete wall
Which material was used for the Thorncrown chapel by Fay Jones to minimize disturbances to the building site?
Component of a typical light wood framing system provides the primary resistance to lateral forces
ADVANTAGES OF PLATFORM FRAMING
Sequencing of construction
efficiency of smaller framing members
use of standard modular dimensions
In light wood frame construction a single member or connector cannot be removed without compromising the structural integrity of the whole
Sheathing is an integral structural component of light wood frame construction
NOMINAL THICKNESS OF HEAVY TIMBER
The Foundation Louis Vuitton in Paris by Gehry uses glue laminated timbers as structural members supporting the edges of the glass sails.
These members fabricated to achieve
What is the fundamental difference between soldering and welding
Welding is considered a structural bond
What was the type of structural metal used in the crystal palace?
Types of precast concrete slab elements include
Solid flat slab, hollow core slab, single tee
ADVANTAGES OF PRECAST CONCRETE
Can be executed at ground level
Can be produced in all weather conditions
Has an overall superior strength capacity to cast in place concrete
Formwork for precast concrete can be reused hundreds or thousands of times
Precast concrete slabs are commonly used in high rise buildings as load bearing wall panels
TYPICAL RANGE OF DEPTH FOR A PRECAST CONCRETE SLAB
3.5" TO 8"
Which element is typically not cast into a precast concrete slab panel or beam
What is a primary disadvantage of using precast concrete structural elements?
Elements are heavy and bulky to transport and lift into place
The heavy timber classrooms in the UTS school of Business in Sydney Australia by Gehry:
Offer some acoustic privacy from the adjacent interior spaces in the building
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