Government Vocab Card Test Flashcards (all)
Terms in this set (45)
political leaders and statesmen who participated in the American Revolution by signing the Declaration of Independence, taking part in the Revolutionary war, and establishing the US Constitution.
Albany Plan of Union
document created by Benjamin Franklin calling for the colonies to join/unite under one main government. Did not go into effect because people were not ready to have a central government.
document stating that British laws were not in effect for this county
document declaring all of NC to become independent from England
Declaration of Independence
document that was published on July 4th, 1776. Thomas Jefferson was the author. It declared the US independent from England.
Articles of Confederation
this document was out countries first constitution. Because of the control England had over them, people were afraid to have a strong central government so the AOC gave more power to the states than the federal government.
a term used to describe the ongoing struggle over political power in the US between the federal and states' governments
Northwest Ordinance of 1787
this states that congress has the right to govern all territorial lands (remember congress could not govern the states under the AOC) guidelines were set to become a state. This also outlawed slavery in the new territories... the beginning of the feelings for the Civil War
occurred in Massachusetts because taxes were so high that farmers couldn't pay them without selling their land. Under the AOC, only sates had the power to tax and raise an army. The farmers revel and Massachusetts couldn't get any help because there was no federal army. Outcome was that is showed that we needed a stronger federal government
created at the constitutional convention. This tells us how our government will be run. It was created without a bill of rights
discussed at the Constitutional Convention. A plan that wanted a strong national government. It wanted representation to be based on population and a bicameral legislature
2 house legislature
New Jersey Plan
discovered at the constitutional convention. This plan wanted to keep cameral legislature, have a one vote per state representative, and elect a week executive (like a president)
1 house legislature
The Great Compromise
the compromise made for everyone to agree with the governments set-up. Called for congress having 2 houses (The House of Representatives and The Senate). HOR representation based on state population and the Senate has 2 representatives per state.
south wanted slaves but didn't want to pay taxes on them. they did want them to count towards population in the house of representatives so that they could have more people representing them, North didn't want slaves, but wanted to tax the Southern slave owners, they also did not want them to count towards population, the compromise was that slaves would be counted as 3/5 a person for both representation and taxes.
supreme power or authority
principle that the authority of the government is created and sustained by the will of the people (people decide what they want to happen in government by voting)
Explains what the Constitution is for
Sections that describe how our government will be run and how it is set up
These are changes that are added to the Constitution in to keep up with the times.
Bill of Rights
The first 10 amendments to the Constitution. These explain what our God-given rights are as citizens of America.
A system that divides the power between the federal, state, and local governments
Separation of Powers
Each branch of government has separate jobs and equal powers
Checks and Balances
The balance of power between each branch of government where they "check" on one another to make sure no one branch becomes too powerful
Presidential Branch. Includes the president, vice president, and the cabinet.
Power balance: enforces laws
Congress. Made up of the House of Representatives and the Senate.
Power balance: makes laws
The HOR membership is based on the population of each state and the Senate's membership is 2 per state
Supreme Court and other federal courts.
Power balance: makes sure laws are constitutional (legal)
The power of the Supreme Court to review a law for constitutionality(to see if it's legal) and strike it down if it is not. The Supreme Court is the highest court in our nation. Any court case at the Supreme Court level is a judicial review.
People who were for the government before the Bill of Rights was added to our Constitution
Written to promote the ratification of the US Constitution before the Bill of Rights was added
People who were against the federal government because they wanted a Bill of Rights added to the Constitution to protect them from a strong government
1st Secretary of Treasury. Creator of the First National Bank
First National Bank
The first place people could keep money in a safe place and the federal government was able to borrow money if need be
A government that is not ruled by a king or queen
Feeling of superiority and political independence
To make official by signing or voting for something
The right to vote
A planned course of action in government
A proposed law
A particular section of a written document--in our Constitution, this describes the government set up and how it's run
A formal accusation of wrong-doing to a government official
Someone who is voted for to represent the people of his/her district in government. They vote on issues based on how his/her area wants the vote
The president's advisers. They help him make decisions
A government for the people as we vote for our representation
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