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Government Chapter 2

Terms in this set (27)

The earliest attempt at colonial unification was the New England Confederation, which was a "league of friendship" for the defense against Native Americans formed by Massachusetts Bay, Plymouth, New Haven, and Connecticut. When danger from the Indians passed and the settlements began to fight, the confederation lost importance and died in 1684.

Another form of unification was the Albany Plan of Union proposed by Benjamin Franklin. He proposed the formation of an annual congress of delegates from each of the 13 colonies. It would have the power to raise military and naval forces, make war an peace with the Native Americans, regulate trade with them, levy taxes, and collect customs duties. This plan was ahead of its time, but was turned down by the colonies and the Crown.

Another form of unification was formed in protest of new taxes forced on the colonies by the British. It was clued the Stamp Act Congress and delegates from 9 colonies prepared a strong protest called the Declaration of Rights and Grievances against the new British policies and sent it to the king. Even after Parliament repealed the Stamp Act, frictions mounted. Colonies were rebelling against the Crown and started to boycott English goods.

In the First Continental Congress, every colony was represented except Georgia. The members discussed the worsening situation between the colonies and the British. They sent a Declaration of Rights which protest Britain's policies to King George III.

In the Second Continental Congress, all colonies were represented. John Hancock was president of Congress, GW was commander of army. The Second Continental Congress became the nation's first national government for 5 years until the Articles of Confederation went into effect.