23 terms

India- Hinduism and Buddhism

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Hinduism
Polytheistic religion developed out of traditions in India
Moksha
Achieved when a Hindu reaches a perfect state of understanding and is released from reincarnation
Caste System
Rigid social system enforced by Hindus
Only men from the top castes are eligible to reach Moksha
Rejected by the Buddhist
Karma
A person's good or bad actions that determine what the soul will be reincarnated as
Reincarnation
Hindus and Buddhist both believe that their soul will take on a new form after death
Vedas
Holy text of Hinduism that was composed by the Aryans
Upanishads
Holy text of Hinduism that are interpretations of the Vedas
Eightfold Path
The way to end all suffering and the cycle of reincarnation is to follow this
Enlightenment
A perfect state of understanding and wisdom
Four Noble Truths
Buddha's first sermon which states that life is suffering
Nirvana
The state of peace that one achieves after reaching a state of perfect wisdom- ends the cycle of reincarnation for Buddhists
Siddharta Gautama
The Buddha and the founder of Buddhism
Sutras
Important Buddhists text
Gupta Dynasty
India experienced a golden age during this time
Asoka
Indian king who spread Buddhism to China
Indus River Civilization
Began on the Indus River
Himalayan Mountains
Served as a barrier of protection for India
Hindu Kush Mountains
Served as a barrier of protection for India (located above the Indus River)
Indus River
Ganges River
Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro
Early cities on the Indus River
Tripitaka
Original teachings of the Buddha
Brahma
Major god of Hinduism, all other gods are in the form of this god

Flickr Creative Commons Images

Some images used in this set are licensed under the Creative Commons through Flickr.com.
Click to see the original works with their full license.