23 terms

India- Hinduism and Buddhism


Terms in this set (...)

Polytheistic religion developed out of traditions in India
Achieved when a Hindu reaches a perfect state of understanding and is released from reincarnation
Caste System
Rigid social system enforced by Hindus
Only men from the top castes are eligible to reach Moksha
Rejected by the Buddhist
A person's good or bad actions that determine what the soul will be reincarnated as
Hindus and Buddhist both believe that their soul will take on a new form after death
Holy text of Hinduism that was composed by the Aryans
Holy text of Hinduism that are interpretations of the Vedas
Eightfold Path
The way to end all suffering and the cycle of reincarnation is to follow this
A perfect state of understanding and wisdom
Four Noble Truths
Buddha's first sermon which states that life is suffering
The state of peace that one achieves after reaching a state of perfect wisdom- ends the cycle of reincarnation for Buddhists
Siddharta Gautama
The Buddha and the founder of Buddhism
Important Buddhists text
Gupta Dynasty
India experienced a golden age during this time
Indian king who spread Buddhism to China
Indus River Civilization
Began on the Indus River
Himalayan Mountains
Served as a barrier of protection for India
Hindu Kush Mountains
Served as a barrier of protection for India (located above the Indus River)
Indus River
Ganges River
Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro
Early cities on the Indus River
Original teachings of the Buddha
Major god of Hinduism, all other gods are in the form of this god

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