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Powerful organization linked to political parties who controlled local governments in many cities
the appointments or privileges that a politician can give to loyal supporters; the spoils system
journalists who wrote stories that brought public attention to problems and exposed corruption and injustices
An election in which members of a party choose candidates for a governmental position; first time state voters chose their party's candidates
gave voters the oppritunity to accept or reject measures that the state legislature enacted
an arrangement in which contractors padded the amount of their bill for city work and paid, or "kicked back" a percentage of that amount to the political bosses
representative for or the head of a political machine; gained votes for their parties by doing favors for people
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