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EXSC 433- Ch1 Behavioral
Terms in this set (30)
Why are theories important?
they provide framework for understanding the process through which a complex behavior changes and is sustained over time
how do exercise physiologists use theories?
-build a supportive social and physical environment
-to design an intervention
-to select evaluation measures to assess the patient's progress
What are the basic concepts of the TTM?
people progress through five stages at varying rates
people move back and forth along the continuum
people use different cognitive and behavioral processes
what is another name for TTM ?
Stages of Change model
what are experiential processes?
dramatic relief (being aware of risks), increase consciousness (increasing knowledge), self re-evaluation(comprehending benefits), social liberation (increasing healthy opportunities),
environmental re-evaluation (caring about consequences to others)
When does use of experiential processes peak?
in the preparation stage (3rd)
What are the behavioral processes?
reinforcement management (rewarding yourself), counter-conditioning (substituting alternatives), self liberation (committing yourself), stimulus control (reminding yourself), helping relationships (enlisting social support)
When do behavioral processes peak?
late in the action stage (5th)
What are the five stages of the TTM?
What is the goal of the precontemplation phase?
for the individual to begin thinking about physical activity
what is the goal of the contemplation phase?
for the individual to begin taking steps to become physically active and think about setting goals
what is the goal of the preparation phase?
increase physical activity to the recommended level
what is the goal of the action phase?
continue to make physical activity a regular part of the patient's life
aka make exercise a habit
what is the goal of the maintenance phase?
1. prepare for future setbacks
2. continue to increase enjoyment aka make exercise fun
how long does a person have to meet ACSM recommendations to be placed into the action phase?
approaching 6 months
decision- making theory
individuals decide whether to engage in a particular behavior based on their comparison of the perceived benefits versus the perceived costs of the behavior
what theory is used in conjunction with the TTM?
social cognitive theory
behavior change is influenced by the interactions between the environment, personal factors, and the behavior itself
what are imporant components of the social cognitive theory?
self-efficacy, outcome expectations, self-regulatory strategies
an individual's belief and confidence about his or her ability to make specific behavior changes
T/F People pursue tasks they feel competent to perform and avoid those which they feel incompetent
potential results that one anticipates after performing a particular behavior
ability to mobilize oneself to perform a behavior regularly in the face of a variety of barriers
what are the major processes of self-regulation
proximal goal setting
4 ways to improve self-efficacy
1. list performance accomplishments
2.observe through vicarious experience
4.understanding physiological states
setting a series of intermediate goals that lead to a long-term goal
health belief model
the extent to which individuals engage in a health action is determined by their readiness to take action coupled with their belief of the threat of not taking action
what are the six main components
1. perceived susceptibility
2. perceived severity
3. perceived benefits
4. perceived barriers
6. cues to action
(1) self-determination (autonomy)
(2) demonstration of competence (mastery)
(3) relatedness or ability to experience meaningful social interaction with others
theory of planned behavior
places intention to perform a behavior as the main determinate as to whether or not an individual will exercise
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