26 terms

Influences - Chapter 4 Lesson 1 & 2

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Democracy
__________ is rule by the people.
Athens
The earliest known example of direct democracy was the Greek city-state of __________.
Direct democracy
__________ - a government in which all citizens help make governmental decisions.
Representative democracy
__________- a government in which the people chose leaders to make decisions.
Democratic republic
A representative democracy is also know as a (an) __________.
Magna Carta
__________ - 1215 document that theoretically limited the power of the English king.
1215
The Magna Carta was signed in _________ A.D.
Magna Carta
What document was signed in 1215 by King John of England?
Parliament
England's (Great Britain's) legislature is called __________.
English Bill of Rights
__________ - the 1689 act of Parliament that further limited the power of future monarchs to interfere in elections, trials or the freedom of religion for protestants.
Glorious Revolution
In the __________, Parliament removed King James II from the throne and passed the English Bill of Rights.
Petition of Right
The __________ (1628) was an act of Parliament that restricted the King's ability to tax without Parliamentary approval, to quarter soldiers in private homes, to arbitrarily imprison people, and to impose martial law during peacetime.
Hobbes
In his book Leviathan, Thomas __________ called for a strong ruler to protect people from each other.
consent of the governed
According to John Locke, the authority to govern comes from the __________.
Montesquieu
__________ - called for a separation of governmental powers into three branches.
John Locke
__________ - Enlightenment philosopher who claimed that all people were born with natural rights to life, liberty and property.
life, liberty, and property
John Locke believed that the government should protect the people's natural rights, which included __________.
overthrow
According to John Locke, citizens or subjects of any government had the right to __________ that government if it failed to protect their natural rights.
natural rights
According to John Locke, citizens or subjects of any government had the right to overthrow that government if it failed to protect their __________.
Thomas Jefferson
John Locke's ideas about government influenced __________ as he was writing the first draft of the Declaration of Independence.
Enlightenment
The __________ was a European intellectual movement in the 18th century that (among other things) questioned the traditional authority of aristocrats and monarchs.
separation of powers
Baron de Montesquieu believed that government should be divided into three branches. He thought that by having a __________, no one branch of government could gain too much power and become tyrannical.
majority rule
Jean-Jacques Rousseau believed that communities were best governed by the general will -- in other words, by __________.
Social contract
__________ - an implied agreement among the people of an organized society that defines the rights, duties, and limitations of the governed and the government (from civics360.org).
Mayflower Compact
Basically a promise to work together for the good of the group, 41 Pilgrims aboard a ship bound for America signed what document in 1620?
Jamestown
The first permanent English settlement in North America was __________.
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