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Priciples, concepts and processes
Terms in this set (15)
Behaviors that operate on the environment to generate consequences and are in turn influenced by those consequences.
Behaviors elicited by prior stimuli and that are not affected by their consequences.
Principles of operant behavior
Behavior that is modified by its consequences.
If, in a given situation, somebody does something that is followed immediately by a stimulus that , when presented immediately following a behavior, causes the behavior to increase in frequency, then that person is more likely to do the same thing again when he or she encounters a similar situation.
The removal of a certain stimuli, called aversive stimuli, immediately after the occurrence of a response will increase the likelihood of that response.
When a stimuli is added to a particular situation immediately following an unwanted behavior causing that person to be less likely to do the same behavior again in a similar situation.
When a stimulus is taken away from a person immediately following an unwanted behavior causing that person to be less likely to do the same behavior again in a similar situation.
(a) if, in a given situation, somebody emits a previously reinforced response and that response is not followed by a reinforcer, (b) then that person is less likely to do the same thing again when next encountering a similar situation.
Schedule of Reinforcement
A rule specifying which occurrences of a given behavior, if any, will be reinforced.
An arrangement in which each instance of a particular response is reinforced.
An arrangement in which a behavior is reinforced only occasionally rather than every time it occurs.
Primary Reinforcer aka Unconditioned Reinforcer
Stimuli that are reinforcing without prior learning or conditioning.
Secondary Reinforcer aka Conditioned Reinforcer
Stimuli that were not originally reinforcing but have become reinforcers by being paired or associated with other reinforcers.
When a stimulus becomes a conditioned reinforcer through deliberate association with other reinforcers, the other reinforcers are called backup reinforcers.
generalized conditioned reinforcer
A stimulus that is paired with more than one kind of backup reinforcer.
Sets with similar terms
Applied Behavior Analysis Exam 1
Psychology - Behavioral Theories
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