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Premier Exhibitor Study Guide
Terms in this set (59)
process in which nutrients and other materials are taken through the wall of the digestive tract and into the blood
a way to sell swine and other things; bids are received and the animal or item for sale is sold to the person with the highest bid
castrated male pig
intact male pig
a group of swine that look alike, share certain characteristics and pass those characteristics to their young; common breeds include Yorkshire, Hampshire, Duroc, and Landrace
mating a boar and gilt or sow to produce piglets
product produced from the parts of the pig left over after the meat is used; for example, leather is made from pig skin
body of a hog after it has been "harvested"
dietary component high in energy or protein and low in fiber content; highly digestible
offspring produced from the mating of two or more breeds
diet, feed, ration
food pigs eat to get nutrients
diet type: pre-starter diet
diet provided to pigs from about 3 - 10 days of age; creep feed
diet type: creep diet
diet provided to nursing pigs from about 3 days of age until weaning; pre-starter diet
diet type: starter diet
diet provided to weaned pigs until they weigh about 40 pounds
diet type: grower diet
diet provided to pigs between 40 and 125 pounds body weight
diet type: finisher diet
diet provided to pigs from a body weight of about 125 pounds until they are marketed
diet type: gestation diet
ration provided to pregnant females
diet type: lactation diet
ration provided for sow that is nursing piglets
process in which complex nutrients such as starch, fats, and proteins are chemically broken down in the digestive system into simple nutrients, such as glucose, fatty acids and amino acids that can be absorbed and used by the body
parts of the pig's body that changes the feed it eats into energy the body can use to grow; the major parts of the digestive system are: mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, cecum, large intestine
digestive system: mouth
takes in an chews feed
digestive system: esophagus
carries feed from the mouth to the stomach
digestive system: stomach
mixes and begins chemical change (breakdown) of feed
digestive system: small intestine
completes chemical breakdown of feed and begins absorption (transport into the blood) of nutrients
digestive system: cecum
forms the beginning of the large intestine, also called the blind gut
digestive system: large intestine
completes absorption of nutrients; stores waste before it is passed from the system as manure
sickness or illness that prevents the body from functioning normally
birth process in swine
solid waste eliminated from the digestive tract; manure
weaned young pigs weighing approximately 30 to 60 pounds
grain and other ingredients used in making swine rations
free choice feed
water or feed is available at all times
young female that has not yet produced her first litter of pigs
another word for swine; some use the word "pigs" for younger animals and "hogs" for older animals; a "piglet" is a very young animal, often from birth until weaning
small, hand-held panel used to guide hogs as they are being moved; about 2' x 3'
group of piglets born to a sow at one time; ideally, there will be 10 - 12 piglets born in a litter
swine approximately 5 1/2 to about 6 months of age and weighing 230 - 270 pounds; they are "harvested" to generate pork products
building blocks of nutrition that must be eaten each day by pigs for good health and growth; there are six major classes of nutrients: proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, vitamins, minerals, and water
meat from hogs
cuts of meat from a whole hog carcass
pork cuts: wholesale cuts
the ham, loin, belly, and shoulder
pork cuts: retail cuts
taken from the wholesale cuts and are the pork chops, bacon, roasts, etc. that are sold in grocery stores
soft, watery feces (diarrhea) in swine, commonly occurring as part of a disease
exhibition class at a fair or swine show; exhibitors show their hogs in a clean, attractive condition and demonstrate their ability to properly show the animal to a judge
male parent (boar) of a specific pig
female hog that has produced one or more litters of pigs
evaluation term referring to the absence of functional defects in the bone structure of swine, especially feet and legs
someone who earns his or her income from raising hogs; sometimes referred to as a pork producer
feature or characteristic of an animal, such as lean body or calm personality
removing pigs from the sow and switching them from sow's milk to a dry feed
These black bodied pigs have six white points, including their nose, tail, and feet. They have erect short ears and dished snouts. Legend says this breed was discovered by Oliver Cromwell's Army at Reading (the county seat of the shire of Berks) in England over 300 years ago. They are known for providing hams and bacon of excellent flavor. They were first brought to American in 1823.
These pigs are known as the durable mother breed. They have white bodies with long, droopy ears. This breed originated in Chester County, Pennsylvania. Their mothering ability, durability, and soundness have maintained their popularity with pork producers.
These red pigs with drooping ears are the second most recorded breed of swine in the United States and a major breed in many other countries. Their color can range from a very light golden, almost yellow, to a very dark red that approaches mahogany. The growth of the breed is in part due to characteristics such as the ability to produce large litters, longevity in the female line, lean gain efficiency, carcass yield, and product quality as a terminal sire.
These black hogs have white belts across the shoulders, covering the front legs around the body. They have erect ears and are heavily muscled. They are the third most recorded swine breed in the United States. The females are known as great mothers.
These white pigs with large drooping ears are the fourth most recorded breed in the United States as well as a major breed in many other countries. Their purebred females are known for their ability to produce large litters. The boars are aggressive and sire large litters.
The black and white bodied pigs may have a with nose, tail, and feet. They have medium-sized, droopy ears and originated in the Miami Valley of Ohio.
These white-bodied pigs have black spots and medium-sized, droopy ears. Part of their ancestry can be traced back to the original Poland China hogs of Warren County, Ohio.
This white breed with erect ears is the most recorded breed of swine in the United States and Canada. They are muscular with a high proportion of lean meat and low backfat.
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