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CCE Chapter 47*
Terms in this set (49)
lower GI series
Another name for a barium enema.
magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
Procedure that allows providers to examine a particular area of the body without exposing patients to X-rays or surgery.
Radiation therapy administered by a machine that is positioned at some distance from the patient.
A record produced on a photographic plate, film, or paper by the action of X-ray or radium.
A device that transforms power from one system to another in the same or different form.
Computerized transaxial tomography
_____________ uses sagittal, transverse, and coronal images to provide a three dimensional view of the internal structures of the body. A medical imaging method employing tomography in which digital geometry processing is used is called ______.
The gallbladder stores bile that is produced in the __________ to break down fat in the digestive process.
breathe through the mouth slowly and deeply
During a barium enema, patients should be told to _____.
Which technique has replaced the cholecystogram?
What is the medium used to make the gallbladder visible on an x-ray?
both a pelvic and fetal ultrasound.
A patient is instructed to drink 24 to 30 ounces of fluid without urinating 1 hour before taking ___________.
Sonograms are records obtained by ultrasonic scanning, whereas, ______________.is a technique in which internal structures are made visible by recording the reflections, or echoes, of ultrasonic sound waves directed on top of body tissues.
Sonograms are records obtained by _________.
A flat or relatively smooth surface; points of reference by which positions or parts of the body are indicated.
A medication that promotes emptying of the bowels
upper GI series
Also known as a barium swallow
Also known as a gallbladder series
Branch of medicine that uses radionuclides in the diagnosis and treatment of disease
Study of the urinary tract done by inserting a sterile catheter into the urinary meatus, through the bladder, and up into the ureters
KUB (kidneys, ureters, bladder)
X-ray of a patient's abdomen; sometimes termed flat plate of abdomen
A type of radiation therapy that places radioactive isotopes in or near the tumor
Added during a radiological procedure to improve visualization by changing the density of the structure being assessed - ,
RA minute particle of matter charged with the smallest known amount of negative electricity; opposite of proton
Procedure used in the examination of the abdominopelvic cavity to locate aneurysms of the aorta and other blood vessel abnormalities - sonography, Use of a vaginal probe during a pelvic ultrasound to aid in visualizing internal structures
Using sound waves with a frequency of over 20,000 vibrations per second to produce images of the internal structures of the body
Barium remaining in the intestinal tract following evacuation at the completion of X-ray studies.
Introduces the contrast medium into the colon via a tube
Using a combination of crystals with a small amount of water to add air to the stomach during a barium enema.
A specialized field of radiology that involves the use of both electrical and magnetic fields for diagnosis of disease processes.
positron emission tomography
A form of imaging permitting visualizing the physiologic function of the body.
Procedure in which a patient ingests a radioactive substance under careful supervision and returns within 24 hours to have the amount of radioactive substance in a particular organ measured.
Radiation therapy used in the treatment of cancer to prevent cellular reproduction
Impenetrable to the X-ray or other forms of radiation.
High-energy electromagnetic radiation produced by the collision of a beam of electrons with a metal target in an X-ray tube. Another name for X-rays are_________.
Radiation exposure badge.
Procedure used in the examination of the abdominopelvic cavity to locate aneurysms of the aorta and other blood vessel abnormalities. Using sound waves with a frequency of over 20,000 vibrations per second to produce images of the internal structures of the body.
Often when the series of radiographs is complete patients are given a drink called a _________ so that gallbladder function can be observed during digestion of fats.
During an upper GI series, the radiologist observes the flow of the contrast medium directly by means of a/an ________. A device consisting of a fluorescent screen in conjunction with an X-ray tube to make visible shadows of objects interposed between the screen and the tube.
After age 40, women are urged to have a mammography every ____ years.
Wash the chest and underarms.
Which of the following is the patient encouraged to do in preparation for a mammogram?
Patients may speak to the __________ through the use of a microphone inside the tunnel.
A magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a/an ______ procedure, which ranges from 30 to 60 min.
A body scan that may be used to determine the function of the thyroid gland is a radioactive ______ test.
A chest x-ray, KUB x-ray
What type(s) of X-ray does not require patient preparation?
first three months of pregnancy.
X-rays can be damaging especially in the __________.
Take three Dulcolax tablets a day prior to exam, All-liquid diet, Drink only one glass of liquid on morning of exam
The proper preparation for a intravenous pyelogram (IVP) include _____________
30 to 60
The MRI may range from __________ minutes.
Sonograms are records obtained by ______________ scanning.
A ___________ is one who diagnoses and treats disease by the use of radiant energy.
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