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Use of similar or identical language, structures, events or ideas in different parts of a text.

Parallel Structure

the use of similar forms in writing for nouns, verbs, phrases, or thoughts; for example, Jane likes reading, writing, and skiing. (-ing in succeeding words)


a work that describes the simple life of country folk, usually shepherds who live in a timeless , painless life full of beauty, music, and love.

Periodic Sentence

a sentence which is not grammatically complete until the end. example: "The child, who looked as if she were being chased by demons, ran."


the practice of literature of attempting to describe nature and life without idealization and with attention to detail.

Rhetorical Question

a question that is asked simply for stylistic effect and is not expected to be answered.


where a specific word, phrase, or structure is repeated several times usually in close proximity to emphasize a particular idea.


the time and place where a story occurs.


a monologue in which the character in a play is alone and speaking only to himself or herself.


the "voice" of a poem


the manner in which the various elements of a story are assembled.


Where a story ends with an unfortunate outcome which was essentially avoidable, usually caused by a flaw in the central character's personality.

Tragic Hero/ Tragic Figure

a protagonist who comes to a bad end as a result of his own behavior, usually caused by a specific personality disorder or flaw.

Tragic Flaw

the single characteristic or personality disorder which causes the downfall of a protagonist.

Verbal irony

A figure of speech in which what is said is the opposite of what is meant

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