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Chapter 3, US History
Terms in this set (24)
held that a coutries ultimate goal self-sufficiency that all countries in the competition acquireost gold and silver
the countr's legtive body
a series of laws restriciting colonial trade
Dominion of New England
in efforts of King James II to make the colonial governemnts more obedient, he placed the northern colonies under single ruler in Boston. within 3 years the land from southern Maine to NJ as united into a vast lony, the Dominion New England
is known as the afterth of the event when The transfer of British monarchy James II to William and Mary in 1688-89.
when English officials only lightly enforced the new measures as they settled into an overall colonial policy
a crop grown for sale and not for the farmers own use
people who were considered the property of other
refers to the 3 way trading process= "merchants carried rum and other goods from New England to Africa; in Africa they traded their merchandise for enslaved people, whom they transported to the West Indies and sold for sugar and molasses; these goods were then shipped to New England to be distilled into rum. The "triangular" trade, in fact, encompassed a network of trade routes criss-crossing the Northern and Southern colonies, the West Indies, England, Europe, and Africa"
the voyage that brought Africans to the West Indies and later to North America
some slaves pushed their resistance to open revolt. A well known example is the Stono Rebellion which began on a September Sunday in 1739. That morning, about 20 slaves gathered at the Stono River southwest of Charles Town. Wielding guns and other weapons, they killed several planter families and marched south, beating drums and loudly inviting other slaves to join them in their plan to flee to Spanish-held Florida.
The movmen tin which the ideas about nature in th 1700s gained prevalence. Enlightenment ideas traveled from Europe to the colonies and spread quickly in numerous books and pamphlets. Literacy was particularly high in New England because the Puritans had long supported public education to ensure that everyone could read the Bible
was an outstanding enlightment figure. Franklin embraced the notion of obtaining truth through experimentation and reasoning. For example, his most famous experiment—flying a kite in a thunderstorm—demonstrated that lightning was a form of electrical power.
of Northampton, Massachusetts, was one member of the clergy who sought to revive the intensity and commitment of the original Puritan vision. Edwards preached that church attendance was not enough for salvation; people must acknowledge their sinfulness and feel God's love for them. In his most famous sermon, delivered in 1741, Edwards vividly described God's mercy
"Other preachers traveled from village to village, stirring people to rededicate themselves to God. Such traveling preachers attracted thousands, making it necessary for revival meetings to be held outdoors. The resulting religious revival, known as the Great Awakening, lasted throughout the 1730s and 1740s.
The Great Awakening brought many colonists, as well as Native Americans and African Americans, into organized Christian churches for the first time.
a large group of religious congregations united by shared beliefs
The French colony North America, by 1754 it's population had grown to about 70,000
The small band, led by an ambitious 22-year-old officer named George Washington, established an outpost called Fort Necessity about 40 miles from Fort Duquesne. In May 1754, Washington's militia attacked a small detachment of French soldiers, and the French swiftly counterattacked. In the battle that followed in July, the French forced
French and Indian War
the fourth war between Great Britain and France for control of North America
Angered by French victories, Britain's King George II selected new leaders to run his government in 1757. One of these was William Pitt, an energetic, self-confident politician. Under Pitt, the reinvigorated British army finally began winning battles, which prompted the powerful Iroquois to support them. Now Britain had some Native American allies to balance those of France
The Ottawa leader, recognized that the French loss was a loss for the Native Americans
Proclamation of 1763
banned all settlements west of the appalachians
hoping to lower the debt, King George III chose a financial expert, George Grenville, to serve as prime minister in 1763. Grenville soon angered merchants throughout the colonies. He began to suspect that the colonists were smuggling goods into the country
The Sugar Act did three things. It halved the duty on foreign-made molasses (in the hopes that colonists would pay a lower tax rather than risk arrest by smuggling). It placed duties on certain imports. Most important, it strengthened the enforcement of the law allowing prosecutors to try smuggling cases in a vice-admiralty court rather than in a more sympathetic colonial court.
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