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Chapter 4 Key Terms & Questions
Terms in this set (20)
Development taking place in rural areas well beyond the urban fringe. Such development can enable builders to offer lower prices than buyers can obtain within developed areas.
School of planning thought that seeks to revise residential neighborhood features of the preautomobile era. including sidewalks houses with front porches located close to streets, narrow grid pattern streets. and support nonresidential services interpresed within neighborhoods
Ordinances have been the main approach to land use regulation in the US.
They use residential, commercial, industrial, automotive.
They use districts on a zoning map
Favorite of economists (in principle)
Charging a fee for using fast land on the high way
Despised by many in the building community
Appear to be used more as revenue source than tool to guide land use
A land use inconsistent with current zoning classification, but which is permitted to remain because it predated the current zoning. To be allowed to remain, the use must be uninterrupted, and the property structures cannot be substantially improved
A permitted deviation for a particular property from the applicable zoning requirements. To be granted only when the zoning ordinance imposes undue hardship to the property owner
Control by a community of an area larger than the community or jurisdiction for planning and zoning purposes, granted by the state legislature, which allows local governments to plan and control urban development outside their boundaries until annexation can occur.
The assessed value less any applicable exemptions to determine the amount of property tax owed
Is the right of government to acquire private property, without the owner's consent for public use in exchange for just compensation
(The legal procedure involved is called condemnation)
Ad valorem taxes
Property taxes that are based on the market value of the property
Zoning is an exercise of which type of general limitation on property rights?
A comprehensive plan usually deals with which of the following elements
Land uses, Population, Public Services, Natural resources.
Property taxes are a major source of revenue for
Both local governments and school districts
The authority for approving site plans for large projects ultimately rests with the
Elected governing commission or council
The most accurate conclusion about the regressivity of the property taz is that it is
Regressive, but when benefits are considered the net result is not regressive
Traditional land use controls (pre 1970) include)
Zoning, Building codes,subdivision regulations
Radon Gas is
A naturally occurring result of geologic activity
New urban ism is a term used to describe
The theory that residential and commercial uses should be integrated, streets and parking should discourage through traffic, and neighborhoods should be pedestrian oriented.
Elements of traditional zoning include
Setback requirements, Bulk limits, Land use categories Provision for special use districts
Externalities in land use include all
Leap frog development
Increase storm runoff from paving
Noise created by a land use
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