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What is 1 + 3?
Genitourinary Surgery Procedures
A rare condition in which there is an overproduction of cortisol by the cortex of the adreanal gland.
Adrenal Insufficiency (Addison's Disease)
Adreanal glands fail to produce the hormones necessary to maintain fluid balance and blood pressure or they inhibit the response to stress.
A tumor affecting the medulla of the adrenal gland causing an overproduction of adrenaline.
"Stones" are small solid particles that may form in one or both kidneys.
Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD)
Occurs when the parenchyma of the kidney if replaced by multiple fluid-filled benign cysts.
End-stage Renal Disease
dialysis of the blood to remove toxic substances or metabolic wastes from the bloodstream
Removal of toxic substances from the body by perfusing the peritoneal cavity with a warm, sterile chemical solution.
Renal cell Carcinoma
Most common type of Kidney cancer
Condition affecting the foreskin that prevents it from retracting over the glans penis.
The single most important laboratory examination used in diagnosing problems affecting the urinary tract.
Aggresive type of malignancy usually strikes young men between the ages of 20 and 40
malignancy of the prostate gland
is common in males after the age of 50
twisting of the spermatic cord causing decreased blood flow to the testis
failure of one or both testes to move into the scrotum as the male fetus develops
PSA prostate specific antigen
Useful in determining cancer of the prostate.
K U B
Kidneys Ureters and Bladder
Incision specifically designed for access to the lower portion of the ureter.
Incision used to expose the entire kidney
Incision the provides direct access to adrenal gland, kidney, and proximal ureter-usually involves cutting muscle