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42 terms

Scientific Inquiry

STUDY
PLAY
subjective
based on or influenced by personal feelings, tastes, or opinions
objective
not influenced by personal feelings or opinions, in considering and representing facts
observation
the act of gathering information using the five senses
inference
drawing a conclusion using logic and evidence
evidence
something that suggests a certain conclusion
simulation
the imitation or model of a real situation
data
information that can be organized to use as evidence
cite
to quote as an example or authority
inquiry
the act of asking for information or seeking knowledge
investigative question
the question being researched in a specific investigation
metric
a system of measurement, based on units of 10, used by scientists
publication
the act of sharing information about research with other professionals in a book or journal
peer review
evaluation of scientific, academic, or professional work by others working in the same field
research
the act of studying an investigative question to understand it more deeply
structure
An item with a specific form/shape, that, together with other parts, forms a larger item
theory
An idea that is supported by a great deal of evidence
stimulus
an event that provokes a reaction
response
a reaction to change(s) in the environment
maintain
to keep conditions as they are
function
the action that something is meant to accomplish
diversity
a variety of something
hypothesis
an idea based on some evidence that requires further research
classification
the placement of something into a category based on its characteristics
model
a simplified representation used to better understand a complex phenomenon
cyclical
a phenomenon that follows a repeating pattern
law
A universal scientific principle that is accepted as fact and supported by all evidence and observations
independent variable
the changeable part of an experiment that the researcher controls and adjusts directly
dependent variable
The changeable part of an experiment that the researcher measures and/or observes changes in, caused by the independent variable
control group
The subjects of an experiment used for comparison, for whom the independent variable is "normal" or absent
experimental group
The subjects of an experiment studied to determine the effects of the independent variable
subject
The object of study or observation in an experiment
classical experiment
A type of scientific research comparing the outcomes between a control group and an experimental group that are given a specific treatment in a controlled environment
analysis
The process of breaking information into simpler parts for more in-depth study
quantitative
capable of being measured or expressed using numbers and quantities
qualitative
referring to qualities that can be observed using senses
equilibrium
a situation in which opposing forces are in balance, and stability is reached
hierarchy
the categorization of things according to their importance
specialize
to become adapted to a particular function
scaffold
an empty structure used to build something
acquired
gained something new and different, usually through one's own efforts
evolve
to change over time
variation
how much something differs