Ch. 13 Vocabulary
Terms in this set (23)
The breeding of organisms for desired characteristics
Continued breeding of individuals with similar characteristics
Testing a suspected heterozygote by crossing it with a known homozygous recessive
Process of making changes in the DNA code of living organisms
All the genetic information in an organism; all of an organism's chromosomes.
Enzyme that cuts DNA at a specific sequence of nucleotides
an electrical current is used to separate a mixture of DNA fragments from each other
DNA produced by combining DNA from different sources
A small ring of DNA that carries accessory genes separate from those of the bacterial chromosome
an enzyme that eventually joins the sugar-phosphate backbones of the Okazaki fragments
A change in genotype and phenotype due to the assimilation of external DNA by a cell.
A process in which a cell, cell product, or organism is copied from an original source.
Polymerase chain reaction
A method of producing thousands of copies of DNA segment using the enzyme DNA polymerase
Organisms that contain functional recombinant DNA from a different organism
the analysis of DNA from samples of body tissues or fluids in order to identify individuals.
the science of collecting and analyzing complex biological data such as genetic codes.
a method to detect and measure the expression of thousands of genes at one time
Single nucleotide polymorphism
variation in a DNA sequence occurring when a single nucleotide in a genome is altered
Area of linked genetic variations in the human genome
The study of how genetic inheritance affects the body's response to drugs
The alteration of the genes of a person afflicted with a genetic disease
study of whole genomes, including genes and their functions
study of the structure and function of proteins in the human body
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