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Things Fall Apart Test
Terms in this set (58)
Village who kills the first white man they see, later destroyed by whites
Personal god that each person has which is often associated with good luck (good chi) and bad luck (bad chi)
brightly colored, glossy shells, formerly used as currency in parts of Africa and Asia
worthless men in the eyes of the community
a masquerader who impersonates one of the ancestral spirits of the village
mentioned as a human-like character as well as an actual forest. Place where cursed people and things are abandoned to rot or die. The Evil Forest is also given to the missionaries as a sort of trick.
Heart of Darkness
illustrates the European notions that all Africans are the same: savage, primitive, and inhuman.
A young woman was killed at the marketplace, and an ultimatum was given to this town asking for a virgin and a young man to be killed later on.
Okonkwo's mother's homeland. He is exiled there for 7 years.
movie | "racist-colonialist
representation of Africa"
the large living quarters of the head of the family
a changeling; a child who repeatedly dies and returns to its mother to be reborn.
outcast. Having been dedicated to a god, the osu was taboo and was not allowed to mix with the freeborn in any way.
Okonkwo's nickname;Okonkwo is a lot like a fire, really. He only ever allows himself to show one emotion: anger. He believes this is the masculine, manly way to communicate, and any other type of emotion makes you effeminate.
Who is a masculine model of Ibo culture and why?
Okonkwo is a masculine model of Igbo culture since he has some of the most titles in all of the village and has several wives and lots of children.
What aspects of Unoka's life and death make Okonkwo despise him?
He was lazy, in debt, borrowed money from people.
Describe the ironic element of Okonkwo's relationships with Nwoye and Ikemefuna
Okonkwo loved Ikemefuna more than his own son, but he still killed him.
What is chielo's position in the village and her relationship to ekwefi?
She is a priestess, a normal woman and is close friends with Ekwefi.
Why does Okonkwo receive banishment rather than execution as punishment for the death of Ezeudu's son? How is the crime described?
It was an accident, it was a female crime. Okonkwo's gun accidentally went off and it killed Ezeudu.
Why does Okonkwo's uncle feel the need to speak to Okonkwo about returning to one's motherland? What is his message that he wants his nephew to understand?
Uchendu points out that Okonkwo's behavior in his motherland displeases the dead and dishonors his mother.
How does the appeal of Christianity to certain groups of Ibo people allow the church to gain converts?
The church appealed to those who were seen as an outcast and accepted them.
What other economic political and social additions accompany the surge in Christianity
Improve occupation , improve education, improve economic - trade post , court system, better markets
Why does Christianity appeal to Nwoye?
Nowoye despised his father from depriving him from things he loved and mistreatment. The church is a new custom/tradition that his father doesn't follow- gives hope for change and answer questions about his religion.
According to the novel, what is the common destiny of all men and women?
"The Igbo people did not believe that a man's chi did not control his entire destiny. No matter how 'good' his chi was, a a person would achieve success only if he worked hard and led an upright life.
The novel, Things Fall Apart, portrays the relationship between human's determination to succeed and his or her own fate by describing Okonkwo as a tragic figure. While Okonkwo believes that he can overcome his fate through his hard work, Chinua Achebe reveals that fate is a powerful, inevitable event in the novel.
How do Mr. Brown and Mr. Smith relate to the people in Umuofia?
They both have their own gods and are adamant about their religion
What are the villages fined for the release of the leaders how much do they pay and why?
They are fined two hundred bags of cowries but they pay two hundred and fifty bags of cowries since the bag of fifty cowries would go to the court messengers.
Why does Obierika ask the District Commissioner to remove Okonkwo's body from the tree?
Obierika asks the District Commissioner to remove Okonkwo's body from the tree since it is against their custom. It is considered an abomination to kill yourself in their society and only strangers can touch him since his body is now evil. He can no longer be buried by his clansmen.
kola nut -
filled with caffeine; custom is to break and eat the nut; Offering kola nut at a meeting would be equivalent of being hospitable; In Okonkwo's culture, showing hospitality meant offering kola nut and palm wine. Having good manners is showing one's guest hospitality. It is a necessary part of Okonkwo's respectful cultural traditions; same as showing good manners and respect for the guest or guests
Foreshadow the takeover of Christian missionaries
Umuofia's most respected animal
A man in society that is greatly respected in his clan ; has won several things throughout his life to earn this title. (Example - Okonkwo and throwing Amalinze the Cat).
a crop grown exclusively by men. Growing yams is labor-intensive, and the size of a man's fields and harvest say much about his work ethic. Yams are grown to gain wealth and also to feed one's family. They are a symbol of masculinity and ability as a provider.
"A toad does not run in the daytime for nothing." - Ogbuefi
People don't just do something for no reason. A frog, as mentioned in the proverb, will not run in the daytime for nothing, seeking the security of the night, instead
"The sun will shine on those who stand before it shines on those who kneel under them." - Unoka
Unoka explains to Okoye that he will pay his big debts first, saying, "Our elders say that the sun will shine on those who stand before it shines on those who kneel under them." This suggests that the Ibo valued putting first-things-first, handling more important matters before less important ones.
"A man who pays respect to the great paves the way for his own greatness." - Okonkwo
If you pay respect to someone great, you are most likely going to become great yourself. This proverb shows that the Ibo people valued greatness within their culture.
"Those whose palm-kernels were cracked for them by a benevolent spirit should not forget to be humble." - clan elder
people who are blessed with good fortune by the gods should never criticize those who are less fortunate.
"If a man says yea, his chi also affirms." - elders
"If a man says yea, his chi also affirms." - elders
A person does whatever his god is telling him to do. If the man says yes that means his god wants him to say yes.
"A child cannot pay for its mother's milk." - Okonkwo
The thing that a child needs to survive; the parent gives it for free, unconditionally; parents will always give more than children can
Speech, Thoughts, Effect on others, Actions, Looks
What does the character say and how does he/she speak?
What is shown about the character through his/her private thoughts and feelings?
Effect on others
What is revealed through the character's effect on other people? How do other characters feel or behave in reaction to the character?
What does the character do? How does the character behave?
What does the character look like? How does the character dress?/ What does the character's appearance say about his/her personality?
Yeats, "The Second Coming"
The title of Things Fall Apart by Chinua Achebe derives from a line in a poem by William Butler Yeats, "The Second Coming."
the balance between traditional masculine and feminine values
The dominant role for women is: first, to make a pure bride for an honorable man, second, to be a submissive wife, and third, to bear many children. The ideal man provides for his family materially and has skill on the battlefield.
continual and inevitable change
The Ibo had followed certain traditions for centuries, following their own religion and believing in many gods. Thus, when the emersion of Christianity coincided with the downfall of their system, the villagers began to blame the missionaries. Secondly, the character of Obierika foreshadows this unavoidable collapse of their traditions. Obierika predicts the beginning of new traditions in the Ibo way of life. His rethinking of the Ibo methods unconsciously foresees the idea of change.
the dynamic between individuals and society
Okonkwo's dedication to his society ultimately results in his downfall.
The establishment of Okonkwo's magnitude and greatness at the beginning of the novel; the author gives a description of Unoka and a quick flashback to his youth
1-Okonkwo and his family take in Ikemefuna.
2- Okonkwo participates in the killing of Ikemefuna.
3- Okonkwo is exiled from the clan for an accidental killing.
4- The white man and missionaries arrive in the villages.
5- Nwoye leaves his father and joins the missionaries.
6- Okonkwo and his family return to Umuofia.
7- Enoch unmasks an egwugwu.
Okonkwo gets fed up and kills one of the white government officials.
-Okonkwo, five other clan leaders are jailed and beaten.
-Okonkwo kills the court messenger.
Okonkwo hangs himself.
"Okonkwo ran madly into his room for the loaded gun, ran out again and clambered over the dwarf wall of the barn (Achebe 39).
- This quote helps the audience understand just how short-tempered Okonkwo is.
- Okonkwo does not take time to consider consequences and simply acts on instinct
- He was ready to kill his wife at a silly misunderstanding - because of this, the audience is supposed to feel sorry for Okonkwo's wife but also appalled at Okonkwo's actions
"This meeting is for men" (Achebe 26).
- Okonkwo displays his excessive pride as he discredits another man in the village.
"And so people said he had no respect for the gods of the clan" (Achebe 31)
- This quote helps the audience understand just how stubborn Okonkwo is. Regardless of Peace Week, he continues to follow his own rules
- Okonkwo doesn't seem to care about certain rules of the tribe. To him, putting his foot down seems more important than following "holy" week.