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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. polymer
  2. primary structure
  3. glycogen
  4. condensation reaction
  5. peptide bond
  1. a the covalent bond between two amino acid units, formed by condensation synthesis
  2. b An extensively branched glucose storage polysaccharide found in the liver and muscle of animals; the animal equivalent of starch
  3. c the level of protein structure referring to the specific sequence of amino acids
  4. d A reaction in which two molecules become covalently bonded to each other through the loss of a small molecule, usually water; also called dehydration reaction
  5. e A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monomers linked together

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. A polymer (chain) of many amino acids linked together by peptide bonds
  2. The form of native DNA, referring to its two adjacent polynucleotide strands wound into a spiral shape
  3. A sugar (monosaccharide) or one of its dimers (disaccharides) or polymers (polysaccharides).
  4. A chemical reaction in which two molecules covalently bond to each other with the removal of a water molecule
  5. One of a family of compounds, including fats, phospholipids, and steroids, that are insoluble in water

5 True/False questions

  1. chitinA structural polysaccharide of an amino sugar found in many fungi and in the exoskeletons of all arthropods


  2. cholesterola type of lipid that consists of four carbon rings to which various functional groups are attached


  3. monosaccharideA polymer of up to over a thousand monosaccharides, formed by condensation reactions


  4. purineA discrete unit of hereditary information consisting of a specific nucleotide sequence in DNA (or RNA, in some viruses)


  5. geneA double-stranded, helical nucleic acid molecule capable of replicating and determining the inherited structure of a cell's proteins


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