100 terms

FSA ELA Vocabulary - Grade 6

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Terms in this set (...)

central idea
what an article or passage is MOSTLY about - the main point the author is trying to make.
supporting details
facts, examples, reasons, or descriptions that expand on the central idea
statement
something that is said in the text
express
to show or tell
convey
to communicate
cite
give specific examples or evidence directly from the text
argumentative
writing in which you express your thoughts or opinion on a topic
informative/expository
writing in which you inform your reader
thesis statement
a statement in your writing that restates the question and tells your reader three topics you will be writing about
summary
a retelling of the text's central idea and supporting details...ONLY the important stuff!
account
a description of events or facts - the article!
entire
the whole thing!
inference
a reasonable guess based on background knowledge AND evidence from the text.
claim
a stated belief or thought
evidence
words or phrases from the text that prove an idea, claim, answer, or thought to be TRUE
support
to provide evidence for something, to show that it is true
example
something that is used to explain how something is true
explain
to make something clear or easy to understand
provide
to give
anecdote
a brief story used to make a point or further explain something
fact
something that can be proven
opinion
someone's feelings about a topic
illustrate
to show or tell using examples to make the text easier to understand
develop
to cause an idea to grow within a text
describe
to tell IN DETAIL what an event or character is like...looks, sounds, smells, etc.
introduce
to make an idea known for the first time
conclude
to form an opinion or thought, to end or stop
conclusion
how the text or essay ends / an opinion formed
narrator
the person telling the story
background knowledge
what you already know
exposition
the beginning of a fiction story
plot
a series of events that make a story
rising action
the part of the story that introduces the characters problem, and the events where they try to solve it.
climax
the turning point of the story...the MOST exciting part!
falling action
the part of the story that is leading to the end of the story.
resolution
how the story's problem is solved
conflict
the struggle or problem the character faces
internal conflict
a conflict within the character
external conflict
a struggle with an outside force
episode
one event in a story
plot structure
the way a fictional story is written
attitude
how a character thinks or feels
motivation
the reason for a character's actions
theme
the lesson or message the author wants you to learn
judgement
a personal opinion or belief
figurative meaning
different from the actual meaning of a word or phrase.
technical meaning
what a word means based on how it's used for a specific topic...
connotative
positive or negative feelings associated with a word
context
the words within the passage that come before or after a certain word - used to provide clues for the meaning.
text structure
the way a nonfiction story is written, how the ideas are organized
cause and effect
a text structure that tells the cause of something and then explains possible effects.
problem and solution
a text structure that describes a problem and then provides possible solutions.
compare and contrast
a text structure that compares and contrasts a topic
contribute
to give / to help / to move the plot along / to help move forward
overall
as a whole, in general (the whole article or passage)
compare
to tell things that are similar
contrast
to tell things that are different
prepare
to get ready
author's purpose
the reason an author wrote the text
author's point of view
the author's feelings about the topic
positive
good feelings
negative
bad feelings
accurate
correct
figurative language
makes comparisons between two things or ideas - used to
simile
a comparison using like or as
Exp: She has a smile like sunshine
metaphor
a comparison that does NOT use like or as.
Exp: He is a bear of a man.
personification
giving human qualities to something nonhuman
Exp: The boiling tea kettle screeched its complaint.
comparison
suggesting things are similar or in the same category
tone
the way something is said - the speakers attitude or feelings about a topic.
mood
the feeling the story creates
reflect
to show, to make known
excerpt
a small part of a longer story
stanza
a group of lines in a poem
repetition
the act of repeating
point of view / perspective
the side from which the story is told - how they feel or think about a topic
1st Person Point of View
story is told by one of the characters, uses I, We, My...
3rd Person Point of View
told by an outsider...uses he, she, they...
reveal
to uncover, to show
argument
an author's position or opinion on a topic
evaluate
to judge whether something is true or accurate
counterclaim
acknowledging another opinion or thought...
While many believe....
Some would say....
editorial
an essay in a newspaper or magazine
in favor
agree, to believe something should happen
oppose
opposite opinion - to disagree
biography
a true account of a person's life
autobiography
an account of a person's life written by that person.
influence
the power to change or effect something
phrase
a small group of words
memoir
a story written by someone telling about their own personal experiences
genre
a specific category of literature, such as: poems, science fiction, fantasy, nonfiction
trait
something that describes a character's personality
primary
main
opposite
completely different
viewpoint
point of view - how someone sees something
suggest
to say that something is true without proving it
speaker
the person telling the story
purpose
the reason for something - answers the question why?
presented
shown or told in the story
select
choose
prove
to show that something is true with evidence from the text