20 terms

World History Chapter 2 Vocabulary

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Fertile Crescent
the region along the Tigris and Euphrates rivers that provided very fertile soil
Mesopotamia
a river valley civilization that emerged along the Fertile Crescent
City State
a city that acts as an independent nation with its only government and laws
Cultural Diffusion
the spread of cultural aspects from one society to the next
Dynasty
a series of rulers from a single family
Polytheism
the belief in more than one god
Empire
the control of several different groups or societies under one ruler
Hammurabi
the Babylonian leader from 1792 to 1750 BCE who created the first known written set of laws in human civilization
Pharaoh
Egyptian God-King
Theocracy
a government controlled by religious leaders
Pyramid
large tomb built in Egypt to house the remains of deceased pharaohs
Mummification
the process of preserving deceased bodies for the afterlife
Hieroglyphics
a writing system in which symbols are carved into the stone to tell a story
Monsoon
seasonal winds that cause change in the directional flow of rivers and weather patterns
Harappan Civilization
an ancient society along the Indus River Valley
Loess
rich fertile soil that is deposited along the banks of the Yellow River in China
Oracle Bone
animal bones used by religious leaders in ancient China to speak to the dead
Mandate of Heaven
the belief that the Chinese rulers were given their power by divine choice
Dynastic Cycle
the process in which a dynastic family gains power, rules, and then declines
Feudalism
a political system in which nobles or lords, are granted the use of lands that legally belong to the king