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50 terms

Human Behavior Test 1

STUDY
PLAY
Plato
gave first idea of psycology...
"know thy self"
introspection
looking within yourself
earliest times
began with thought that people act witht rules, seek pleasure, hate pain
middle ages
thought confusion and agitation meant possesion of demon (would throw person in lake, if they came up they were possesed-died either way)
1500s-1700s
revolution of all science.. moved from religion to reason.. people had evidece to support behavior
Wilhelm Wundt
1st psycologist with actual lab... founded structuralism
structuralism
the basic elements of conscious decisions
objective sensations
something you feel/sense from the outside... brings up memories when doing things
subjective feelings
emotional responses and mental images.. brings up feelings
William James
came up with functionalism
functionalism
how mental processes help organisms adapt to their environments
behaviorism
study of observable behavior
John B. Watson
came up with behaviorism
B.F. Skinner
came up with behavioralism
behavioralism
if you are constantly rewarded for your behavior, you will keep doing it
Sigmund Freud
came up with psycoanalysis (dreaming)
psycoanalysis
the importance of unconscious motives and internal conflicts determining human behavior (dreaming & what it means)
sensation
stimulation of sensory receptors and the transmission of sensory info to the central nervous system
sensory organs
eyes, skin, brain, ears, mouth, tongue
perception
psycological process in which sensation is interpreted.. reflects experience
absolute threshold
weakest amount of stimulants that can be sensed.... ex: hearing test
difference threshold
smallest amount of difference you can sense in order to distinguish between stimuli (colors, sounds, small diff.)
single detection theory
takes into account strengths and weaknesses of the inividual
sensory adaption
people are weak to changing stimuli and less sensitive to unchanging stimuli
pupil
refracts how much light is in your eye
lense
adjusts the distance of an object
retina
acts as a film.. sends messages to brain
optic nerve
sends impulses to brain
rods
responsible for capturing the brightness of light
olfactory nerves
sends smells to the brain
decibles
what sound is measured in in order for you to hear it
sensory experiences
makes up a taste, you already know what it taste like
psyco physics
reaction to sensory experience and pysical stimuli, continuity, similarity
kinesthesis
sense of movement and body position
continuity, similarity & simplicity
basic principles of perceptual organization
Gestalt
came up with rules (1-6) of perceptual organization
closure
the tendency to piece a complete or whole figure even when there are gaps (rule 1)
figure-ground perception
perception of figures against a background (rule 2)
proximity
nearness or grouping of images (rule 3)
similarity
grouping things together by how similar they are (rule 4)
continuity
seeing a clear pattern with no breaks (rule 5)
common fate
when you see a group and assume they're doing the same thing (rule 6)
perception of movement
we need movement to see where an object is relative to another object
stroboscopic motion
images mashed together to show movement
perceptual constances (1. size 2. color 3. shape)
experience equals consistances
consciousness
awareness of things inside or outside ourselves.. a psycological construct
psycological construct
used to describe things you can not see, touch, or measure directly
sensory awareness
sensations that you are conscious of.. unusual and intense stimuli (type of consc.)
direct inner awareness
a feeling of a memory you can not measure (type of consc.)
sense of self
knowing your own identity that only you know (type of consc.)