13 terms

logical reasoning question types

The Thirteen Logical Reasoning Question Types.
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Must be True/Most Supported
Must Be True Questions ask you to id the answer choice that is best proven by the information in the stimulus.

Ex: "If the statements above are true, which one of the following must also be true?" "Which one of the following can be properly inferred from the passage?"

Stimulus is accepted, no additional info(aside from gen. domain assumptions) can be brought in.
Main Point
Find the primary conclusion.

Ex: "The main point of the argument is that"

Stimulus is accepted, no additional info can be brought in.
Point at Issue
Point At Issue requires you to identify a point of contention between two speakers, and thus these questions appear almost exclusively with two speaker stimuli

Ex: "Laredo and Mendoza disagree about whether"

Stimulus is accepted, no additional info can be brought in.
Assumption
ID an assumption of argument.

Ex: "Which one of the following is an assumption required by the argument above?"

Answer Choices are accepted, and stimulus is affected.
Justify the Conclusion
Supply a piece of info that, when added to premises, proves the conclusion.

Ex: "Which one of the following, if assumed, allows the conclusion above to be properly drawn?"

Answer Choices are accepted, and stimulus is affected.
Strengthen/Support
Ans must provide support for the author's argument or strengthens it in some way.

Ex: "Which of the following if true most strongly(most strengthens) the argument/statement above?"

Answer Choices are accepted, and stimulus is affected.
Resolve the Paradox
Every stimulus contains a discrepancy or seeming contradiction. Find answer choice that best resolves a situation.

Ex:"Which of the following if true would most effectively resolve the apparent paradox above?"

Answer Choices are accepted, and stimulus is affected.
Weaken
Asks you to attack or undermine the author's argument.

Ex: "...weaken the argument?"

Answer Choices are accepted, and stimulus is affected attack or hurt the argument.
Method of Reasoning
Asks you to describe the way the author made the argument.

Ex: "Which one of the following describes the technique of reasoning used above?"

Stimulus is accepted, no additional info can be brought in.
Flaw of Reasoning
Describe error of reasoning done by author

Ex:" The reasoning in the astronomer's argument is flowed because this argument.."

Stimulus is accepted, no additional info can be brought in.
Parallel Reasoning
Id the answer choice that contains reasoning most similar in structure to the reasoning presented.

Ex: Pattern of reasoning

Stimulus is accepted, no additional info can be brought in.
Evaluate the Argument
Answer must determine the logical validity of the argument.

Ex:"The ans to which one of the following questions would contribute most to an evaluation of the argument."
Cannot Be True
Id answer that cannot be true/ most weakened based on info in the stimulus.

Stimulus is accepted, prove one of the answers cannot occur.