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CHAPTER 5

STUDY
PLAY
When the fighting began, most Americans wanted the colonies to be independent from Great Britain.
False
The rebelling colonies had access to sufficient local resources to fight a successful revolution.
False
The British lacked the resources to conduct a war on the American continent.
False
At the outset of the war, American leaders hoped that Canada would become the fourteenth state.
True
The surrender of Burgoyne at Saratoga had no effect on the Iroquois Confederacy, since most of the Indians supported the American cause.
False
There is no actual proof that Benedict Arnold committed treason.
False
As a result of the Treaty of Paris of 1783, the new American nation's westward boundary was the Blue Ridge Mountains.
False
At least one-fifth, and maybe as many as one-third, of the American colonists were loyal to Britain during the Revolution.
True
Native Americans were pleased with the outcome of the Revolution because it reduced the desire of colonists for western land.
False
The first state constitutions written during the American Revolution generally reduced the power of the executive.
True
In the newly created states, the privileges that churches enjoyed in the colonial era were largely stripped away.
True
After independence, the United States quickly and easily persuaded Great Britain to abide by the terms of the treaty of 1783.
False
The system for surveying and selling western lands set up under the Ordinance of 1785 favored small farmers.
False
The Northwest Ordinance laid out the requirements for western territories to become states.
True
During the period under consideration in this chapter, Congress did nothing to limit the expansion of slavery.
False
After Lexington and Concord,
it took almost a year for independence to become a primary war aim.
Thomas Paine's Common Sense is an important work because it
persuaded Americans that no reconciliation with Britain was possible.
Historians have long debated whether the colonial motivations for the American Revolution were
economic or ideological.
The Declaration of Independence stated that governments were formed to
protect a person's life, freedom, and right to pursue happiness.
After the initial surge of patriotism, American troops
came from both conscription and payment of bounties.
Most of America's war materials came from
foreign aid.
Britain enjoyed all of the following advantages in the Revolution EXCEPT
greater commitment to the conflict.
Congress financed the revolution by
borrowing from other nations.
The choice of George Washington as commander in chief was a good one because of his
image among the people, who trusted and respected him.
After a year of war, the British realized
the war had become more than just a local phenomenon around Boston.
By the end of 1776, the American army under Washington had
won two minor victories and remained intact.
John Burgoyne's surrender at Saratoga
convinced the French that they should help the Americans.
After 1777, the British decided to focus their efforts in the South because
they believed there were more Loyalists there.
The treason of Benedict Arnold
shocked American forces.
The British were forced to surrender at Yorktown because
French troops and a French fleet helped trap the British.
Even though the British wanted to end the war, the French were reluctant to negotiate because
they were committed to staying in the war until Spain got Gibraltar.
Of all the Loyalists groups in America, the one that suffered most as a result of the Revolution was
Anglicans.
Native Americans generally stayed
neutral in the war.
During the Revolution, women took on new responsibilities. After the war,
things generally went back to the way they were before and few concrete reforms occurred in the status of women.
In spite of rhetoric proclaiming "all men are created equal," slavery survived in America for nearly a century after the Revolution because whites
harbored racist assumptions about the natural inferiority of blacks.
If postwar Americans agreed on nothing else, they agreed that
new governments should be republican.
Under the Articles of Confederation, the only institution of national authority was the
Congress.