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Chapter 6

STUDY
PLAY
By 1786, even defenders of the Articles of Confederation accepted the fact that which of the following needed to be strengthened?
the power to tax
Which of the following was NOT a characteristic of the men who attended the Constitutional Convention in 1787?
They believed in democracy.
The most significant division in the Constitutional Convention was between
large and small states.
James Madison's Virginia Plan proposed
larger influence within a new national government for the richer and more populous states.
The most important issue not yet addressed when the Constitutional Convention adjourned was
the absence of a list of individual rights.
The Antifederalists did all of the following EXCEPT
show a basic faith in human nature and man's ability to wield power justly.
Which of the following was NOT addressed by the first Congress under the new Constitution?
the role of political parties in the election of a president
The Constitution's most distinctive feature was its
separation of "powers" with "checks and balances."
The number of Supreme Court justices was determined by
Congress.
To prevent an "excess of democracy" and the tyranny of mob rule, the Constitution restricted direct popular election to
representatives.
Which of the following was NOT a belief of Alexander Hamilton?
The best leaders are those democratically elected.
President Washington helped stabilize the western frontier by
putting down the Whiskey Rebellion.
Jefferson and his followers believed the Federalists were creating a political party because they were
A) using their offices to reward supporters and win allies.
B) forming local associations to strengthen their stand in local communities.
C) working to establish a national network of influence.
D) forming caucuses of elected officials.
Which of the following was NOT a belief held by Jefferson and his followers?
Commercial activity was a danger to the republic
Under the Constitution, the status of the western Indian tribes was
not clearly defined.
Although the treaty between England and the United States that John Jay negotiated in 1794 fell short of his instructions, it did
give America undisputed sovereignty over the entire Northwest.
In the election of 1796,the Federalist Party divided when southern Federalists refused to support
Adams
Republicans pinned their hopes for a reversal of the Alien and Sedition Acts on the
state legislatures.
The "quasi war" with France
helped the Federalists to increase their Congressional majorities.
Which of the following is NOT true of the campaign and election of 1800?
It resulted in a clear victory for the winning candidate.
The Federalists made a last gasp attempt to maintain power by
creating new federal courts and judges.
Which of the following was NOT accomplished by Pinckney's Treaty?
The city of New Orleans was transferred to the U.S.
Which of the following about the Alien and Sedition Acts is NOT true?
They were roundly protested by the Federalists of New England.
The most resourceful advocate of a centralized government was Alexander Hamilton.
True
The intellectual leader of the Constitutional Convention was James Madison.
True
The "Great Compromise" was important because it solved the problem of representation.
True
The Constitution did not resolve the question of which law—state or national—would be the supreme law of the land.
False
Abiding by the rules set up under the Articles of Confederation, the Constitution could not go into effect until it was ratified by all the states in the Union.
False
The essays known collectively as The Federalist Papers called for the ratification of the Constitution.
True
The Constitution had little chance of success unless Virginia and New York ratified it.
True
After the Constitution was ratified, Americans agreed that the government should strive to create a highly commercial, urban nation.
False
The federalist vision for America included government by a wealthy, enlightened ruling class.
True
Virginia agreed to support Hamilton's "assumption" bill in return for locating the national capital in the South.
True
Most of the framers of the Constitution believed organized political parties were evil and should be avoided.
True
The national government's response to the Whiskey Rebellion was to win allegiance through intimidation.
True
In 1796, Thomas Jefferson ran for vice president on the Federalist ticket.
False
Aaron Burr's role in the election of 1800 was not very significant.
False
After the election of 1800, Federalists tried to hold on to power through the federal judiciary.
True