Upgrade to remove ads
Environmental Science Test 1
Terms in this set (39)
A social movement that advocates for the protection of resources and environment; focuses on politics and policy
Study of how organisms/species (biotic) interact with each other and how they interact with the physical environment (abiotic)
The study of how humans impact the environment
A set of organisms within a defined area of land or volume of water that interact with one another and with their environment of non living matter and energy
The variety of genes, organisms, species; and ecosystems in which organisms exist and interact
Highest rate at which a potentially renewable resource can be used indefinitely without reducing its available supply
Tragedy of the Commons
Depletion of degradation of a potentially renewable resource to which a large number of people have free and unmanaged access
Point Source Pollution
Easy to identify the source of the pollution (smoke tanks, exhaust pipe, and sewage)
Non-Point Source Pollution
Are dispersed and hard to identify the source (litter, nutrient pollution, air pollution, pesticides, and oil)
Natural resources and ecosystem services that keep us and other species alive and support our economies
Processes that nature that supports humans (photosynthesis, pollination, purification, pest control)
Environmental scientists try to figure out ways resources can be replenished more quickly
Environmental scientists try to come up with ways they can be used more efficiently and ways to reuse and recycle themselves
The circulation of chemicals necessary for life, from the environment (mostly from soil and water) through organisms and back to the environment
Ability of earth's various systems, including human cultural systems and economies, to survive and adapt to changing environmental conditions indefinitely
Setting market prices of goods and services to include all the harmful environmental and health costs of producing and using them
What ways can we use to slow population growth?
Reducing poverty, promote family time planning, empowering and educating women
Why is solar energy important?
To grow crops, produce oxygen, wind, currents, and electricity
Why is biodiversity important?
For efficient recycling of nutrients (biotic process)
What are the 3 R's?
Reduce, reuse, and recycle
What is meant by an ecological footprint?
The amount of land, air, and water needed to supply a population with the renewable resources it uses and to absorb the wastes resulting from this use
What is meant by an ecological deficit?
Occurs when a country's total ecological footprint is larger than its biological capacity to replenish resources and absorb all the waste and pollution
Better than clean-up but requires regulations
More will keep coming; only gets moved to a different area; often hard to completely clean-up
What are the 5 basic causes of environmental problems?
Population growth, wasteful and unsustainable resource use, poverty, excluding environmental costs from market prices, and increasing isolation from nature
What are the environmental drawbacks and benefits on affluence?
Drawbacks- environmental degradation, waste, and pollution
Benefits- widespread and better education, and make more money to develop better technologies to reduce pollution, environmental degradation, and resource waste
What are inexhaustible or perpetual sources or energy?
Resource such as sunlight that is expected to last essentially forever
Three scientific principles of sustainability
1. We rely on solar energy
2. We depend on biodiversity
3. We depend on chemical cycling
Three social principles of social sustainability
1. Full price costing
2. Win-win solutions
3. A responsibility to future generations
What is it meant by environmental degradation?
Depletion or destruction of a potentially renewable resource such as soil, grassland, forest or wildlife that is used faster than it is naturally replenished.
Examples of environmental degradation
Forests are shrinking, deserts are expanding, topsoil is eroding, sea levels are rising, and ocean acidity is increasing
What is the IPAT model?
Impact = Population X Affluence X Technology
What are the different types of environmental 'world views'?
Human centered world views ( Natural resources exists solely for human use and stewardship) and life centered or earth centered world views
Strategies to reduce poverty
Do work, tend livestock, make money to take care of parents when older
How does population growth drive environmental degradation?
Since the world population is growing growing exponentially, scientists are not sure on how many people the world can hold due to people's ecological footprint
How does poverty drive population growth?
It is said that that people in poverty have many children
Tax shifts that transfer taxes from income and wealth to pollution and environmental degradation
Germany and norway
Physical comfort rather than spiritual virtues
60 minutes wasteland
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
AP ENVIROMENTAL chapter 1
environmental bio chapter 1
NSCI - Chapter 1
Chapter 1: Environmental Problems, Their Causes, a…
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Biology Lecture Test #5
Final Lab Exam
Natural Selection and Evolutionary Adaptation