Unit 6: The High And Late Middle Ages (Leah's)
Terms in this set (61)
Charlemagne was a what?
A monarch ( Holy Roman Empire)
Who did Charlemagne have to share power with?
The Nobles and the Clergy
The High Middles Ages were during what time period?
During the Middle Ages, what happened?
•monarchs start centralizing power
•strengthen connections with citizens (paying taxes, follow laws)
•weaken lords, barons, clergy, and the nobility
What is a nation state?
Regions that share a government and that are independent of other states
In the early Middle Ages, what groups invaded England?
Angles, Saxons, and Vikings
In 1066, the Anglo- Saxon King Edward dies without what?
A clear heir
After King Edward dies, who searches for a weak king?
After King Edward dies, the Nobles (who wanted a weak king) votes for who to become king?
They vote for Edwards brother in law; Harold
William is who?
The Duke of Normandy, Northern France
William also does what?
Claims the throne
Who goes to battle with one another and why?
Harold and William go to battle for the throne
At what battle does Harold and William go to battle?
The Battle of Hastings
What does William do in the Battle of Hastings that gains the support of the Pope? He sails across the English Channel from France to England
William raises an army
How did King Herold die in the Battle of Hastings?
An arrow through his eye
King William was a very organized ruler who created a Census. What was this Census called?
This Census is called Domesday Book
What did the Domesday Book list?
Every castle, every field, every citizen, every pigpen
Who was married to Henry 2 and who were his kids?
He was married to Eleanor of Aquitaine and his two kids named Richard and John
What did Henry 2 do?
He expanded law and sent Judges throughout the country. He founded English common law.
What was the English Common Law that Henry 2 founded?
I️t was a legal system based on custom and court railings (applied to all of England). Juries were used
DO THE CHURCH AND STATE SECTION
Thomas Becket argued with his formal friend. Who was his formal friend?
King Henry 2
What did Thomas Becket and Henry the 2 argue about?
Becket believes that the clergy should be subject to the papacy. Becket was assassinated.
Because of threat of excommunication, what was Henry 2 forced to do?
Withdraw his claims over the clergy
Who became King after Henry 2 died?
His son, Richard
Who faced off against Philip the second of France, Pope innocent the third, and English Nobles? He lost battles and land to Phillip and was excommunicated. Therefore England was banned from the church. He gave in and ended up essentially giving England to the Pope and had to pay a yearly fine?
Kind John the first
What year was the magma carta signed?
What did the Magna Carta do?
Limited power of the monarch
After the Magna Carta, England included what?
Parliament (common council) in its form of Parliament. I️t helped unify England.
How many houses were there in Parliament?
Who did the House of Lords include?
Nobels And High clergy
What were the two House of Parliament called?
House of Lords and House of Commons
Who was included in the House of Commons?
Knights and middle class citizens
House of Parliament gained what?
Gained the power to make new taxes, "power of the purse"
Who was elected to become king in 987?
Hugh Capet, count of Paris
Why was Count Paris elected?
His Lords thought he was weak. THIS WAS A HUGE MISTAKE
What did Hugh Capet do?
Increased Royal Power
What did Hugh Capet do to the throne?
He made I️t hereditary
Who did Hugh Capet win the support of?
Hugh Capet played what?
The Lords off against each other
What did Hugh Capet create?
An effective goverment
What did Hugh Capet publish?
Law and Order
Who became king in 1179?
King Philip the 2
what did Philip the 2 create?
A new national tax
What did Philip II do with lands?
Took land for total use and took English lands in france
Who became king in 1226?
King and Saint Louis IX
King Louis IX Led two Crusades against who?
Louis IX ended what?
Louis IX expanded what?
French court system and at times even acted as a fair and just judges
Who did King Louis IX persecute?
Heretics and jews
How many years after his death did Louis IX become a saint?
Saint Louis' grandson was who?
Philip IV attempted to do what?
Extend royal power
Philip IV classes with who?
Pope Boniface VII
" God has set popes over kings and kingdoms"
Philip sent royal troops to kidnap who?
Pope Boniface VII. The pope escaped but died shortly after.
After the Pope died a _______ Pop moved the Papacy to _____________
French, Avignon, France
When did Estates General start?
Estates General had how many estates and what were they?
Three; Clergy, Nobels, Common People
Estates General never caught on lime what did?
Estates General was who's form of Congress or Parliament?