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Terms in this set (63)
What is a Parados?
One of two gangways on which chorus and actors made their entrances from either side into the orchestra in Ancient Greece
Why does Oedipus summon Tiresias?
Oedipus thinks that Tiresias might know something
What is Tiresias's reaction to Oedipus's request for help? How does Oedipus view Tiresias's behavior?
Tiresias says no, so Oedipus becomes enraged
What does Tiresias reveal to Oedipus as a result of the king's angry accusation?
Oedipus is a curse of Thebes
What suspicion does Oedipus begin to harbor about Creon?
He thinks that Creon is the conspirator
What superiority does Oedipus claim over Tiresias?
Oedipus reminds Tiresias that he is the riddle solver
Note the frequent equation of physical sight with knowledge throughout this scene and the rest of the play. What is the irony of this equation?
Those who have physical sight are in the dark
Tiresias then tells Oedipus the horrible truth about himself. What does Tiresias predict will happen to Oedipus?
That Oedipus will be exiled and become blind
What is a Stasimon?
A song of the chorus, continued without the interruption of dialogue
What is the Chorus' view of Tiresias' accusations against Oedipus?
The Chorus doesn't believe Tiresias
What motivates Creon's entrance at the beginning of this episode?
He wants to clear his name and reputation
Why does Oedipus accuse Creon of conspiracy?
He believes that Creon killed the king and wants Oedipus' job
How does Creon defend himself against Oedipus' accusation?
Why would he want that job? He has all the perks without having to do any work
What does Oedipus threaten to do?
Have Creon killed
What does Jocasta attempt to do?
Get Creon and Oedipus to go inside the castle
Is Jocasta successful in her attempt?
How does Jocasta try to assure Oedipus that he is not guilty of Laius' death?
Tells him about the prophet being wrong about Laius and their son
What is Jocasta's view of prophecy?
She thinks its false
Why is Oedipus frightened by the information given by Jocasta?
He killed someone where three roads meet
What happened to the one surviving witness to the killing of Laius?
He was so distraught he asked Jocasta to allow him to leave and never come back
Whom does Oedipus believe are his parents and where does he think he was born?
Polybus, King of Corinth, and Merope Dorian
Why did Oedipus go to the Delphic Oracle and what was he told there?
To find out who his real parents are, and he will kill his father and stuff
Jocasta appears at the beginning of this scene alone on stage. What prayer does she make and to whom?
Praying to Apollo for peace for Oedipus
What is impiety?
not respecting, anything thats disrespectful
After her prayer a Messenger arrives. What news does he deliver to Oedipus?
His father died, and now Oedipus could be king
What is Oedipus' reaction to this news?
How did he die? He doesnt want the prophecy to be true, so he is relived
What is Jocasta's reaction to what the Messenger tells Oedipus?
Sarcasm, 'I told you so'
Whom does the Chorus identify as the herdsman mentioned by the Messenger?
Why does Jocasta ask Oedipus not to seek out the herdsman and then leave?
She has gone into mom mode
How does Oedipus interpret Jocasta's emotional behavior?
He thinks she thinks that Oedipus is just from a servant family
What is Oedipus' view of the role of Chance (sometimes translated as Fortunes) in his life?
Random Godess, he is ruled by Chance. He still thinks hes destine for great things
What is peripety?
The arrival of the messenger
To whom had the Herdsman been employed?
Lauis, he was origionally a servant and was the lone survivor
Why is the Herdsman reluctant to answer the questions of Oedipus and the Messenger?
Because he didn't want to hurt the family or have Oedipus hurt him
What revelation does the Herdsman make?
That the baby came from the house of Lauis
What general comment on human life does the Chorus make based on the example of Oedipus?
happiness is just a dream
Summarize briefly the account of Oedipus' life given by the Chorus in the next two stanzas?
1. The story of the Sphinx
2. How he saved the city
3. King of Thebes
What horrible fact with regard to Oedipus' marriage does the Chorus point out?
That both father and son slept with mother and produced kids
What news does the Second Messenger announce?
1. The Queen is dead(hung herself)
2. Oedipus blinded himself
What is the symbolic significance of Oedipus' self-blinding (re: the Tiresias scene in the 1st episode)?
The same pins that pierced his feet pierced his eyes. Not until he was physically blinded was he able to see the truth.
What does Oedipus intend to do? Why?
Go into exile, so he doesn't have to see his kids
What is a kommos?
An emotional lyric between actors and chorus in ancient Greek tragedy.
What reasons does Oedipus give for his self-blinding?
Wants to suffer and doesn't want to see his parents in the after life
How does Oedipus feel about Creon at this point?
He feels bad and apologizes
What requests does Oedipus make of Creon?
1. Take care of my girls
2. Let me hug them one more time
3. Jocasta gets a proper burial
4. Send me into exile
What future does Oedipus forsee for his two daughters?
Can never marry and will be shunned from the public
What important truth about his life does Creon point out to Oedipus?
Time heals all wounds
What general lesson doe the Chorus draw from the example of Oedipus' life?
You can't possess happiness until death
What does appall mean?
greatly dismay or horrify.
What does denounce mean?
publicly declare to be wrong or evil.
What does despondent mean?
in low spirits from loss of hope or courage.
What does explicit mean?
stated clearly and in detail, leaving no room for confusion or doubt.
What does foreboding mean?
fearful apprehension; a feeling that something bad will happen.
What does futile mean?
incapable of producing any useful result; pointless.
What does loathed mean?
feel intense dislike or disgust for.
What does menace mean?
a person or thing that is likely to cause harm; a threat or danger.
What does mortify mean?
cause (someone) to feel embarrassed, ashamed, or humiliated.
What does oblivion mean?
the state of being unaware or unconscious of what is happening.
What does retract mean?
draw or be drawn back or back in.
What does reverberate mean?
(of a loud noise) be repeated several times as an echo.
What does revile mean?
criticize in an abusive or angrily insulting manner.
What does surmise mean?
suppose that something is true without having evidence to confirm it.
What does swarthy mean?
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