10 step, anaerobic process that breaks down 1 glucose and releases 4 ATP. It occurs in the cytoplasm and produces 2 NADHs, 2 NADs, and 2 pyruvic acid
enzyme that catalyzes step 3 of glycolysis. ATP inhibits it if it (ATP) is present in large quantities in the cell
process that starts when acetyl CoA combines with OAA to produce citric acid, occurs in the mitochondria matrix, and produces 3 NADHs, 1 ATP, 1 FADH and CO2. Each turn of it uses 1 pyruvate (each glucose produces 2 turns of this cycle).
NAD and FAD
coenzymes that carry protons or electrons from glycolysis and Krebs Cycle to the ETC
loss of hydrogen atoms
any iron-containing that serve as electron carriers in either cellular respiration or photosynthesis
anaerobic breakdown glucose that produces 2 ATP and alcohol and lactate
reaction that oxidizes pyruvate into aceytl-CoA with the release of CO2
end product of glycolysis
substrate level phosphorylation
process which ATP is converted to ADP by transferring a phosphate to a metabolic substance
plant that fixes carbon through the calvin cycle
plant that fixes carbon to produce a C4 molecule which releases CO2 into the Calvin cycle
dark reaction. Reduces CO2 into a carbohydrate
C4 plant that fixes carbon at night
cyclic electron pathway
portion of light reaction that generates ATP and only involves photosystem 1
portion of photosynthesis that captures solar energy, produces NADPH and ATP
enzyme that starts the Calvin cycle by catalyzing attachment of carbon atom from CO2 to RuBP
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