Physical Therapy - Medical Terminology

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anatomical position
erect, feet forward, arms at side with palms facing forward, head facing forward
sagittal (median) plane
divides body into left and right
coronal (frontal) plane
divides body into front and back
transverse (horizontal) plane
runs horizontally from right to left, dividing the body into superior and inferior parts
superior/cephalic/cranial
toward the head
inferior/caudal
towards the feet
anterior/ventral
front side of the body
posterior/dorsal
back side of the body
medial
toward the midline
lateral
away from the midline
midline
An imaginary line drawn down the center of the body, dividing it into right and left halves.
Proximal
Nearer to the trunk of the body
Distal
Farther from the trunk of the body (distance)
superficial
near the surface
deep
Away from the body surface; more internal
sUPine
lying face UP on your back
prONe
lying face down ON your belly
flexion
bending a joint
extension
Straightening of a joint
Hyperextension
extension beyond anatomical position
internal rotation
rotation of the hip or shoulder toward the midline
external rotation
rotation of the hip or shoulder away from the midline
Pronation
internal rotation of hands and feet
Supination
external rotation of hands and feet
Dorsiflexion
bringing the foot upwards
plantarflexion
pointing foot downward
erect
normal standing position with palms facing body
bilateral
both sides
unilateral
pertaining to one side
Contralateral
on the opposite side
Ipsilateral
on the same side
Fowler's position
on back, head of bed is raised 18in and knees elevated
left lateral recumbent
lying on the left side with the right knee drawn up or bent
Trendelenburg position
lying on back with body tilted so that the head is lower than the feet at about 45 degrees