22 terms

Literary Elements, Take 1

STUDY
PLAY
Climax
The turning point of the story • The point in which the most exciting thing happens
Plot
It is the series of events in a story. It answers the question
Conflict
A struggle between opposing forces. Man vs. Man, Man vs. society, Man vs. himself and Man vs. nature. (The problem in the book that the characters must solve)
Foreshadowing
An author's use of hints or clues to suggest events that will occur later in the story
Allusion
A reference in literature to a familiar person, place or event.
Personification
A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes
Anthromorphism
giving human characteristics to animals
Symbolism
A device in literature where an object represents an idea.
Hyperbole
extravagant exaggeration
Oxymoron
A figure of speech that combines opposite or contradictory terms in a brief phrase
Onomatopeia
CRASH! POW! ZAP! BOOM!
Alliteration
Repetition of an initial consonant sound
Inference
A conclusion reached on the basis of evidence and reasoning... not word-for-word in the book answers... using the clues provided, make a conclusion
Main Idea
The author's central thought or chief topic.
Context Clues
A vocabulary strategy in which the reader looks at the words around an unfamiliar word to find clues to its meaning.
Metaphor
A comparison of two unlike things without using the word "like" or "as".
Simile
A comparison using "like" or "as"
Synonym
A word having the same or almost the same meaning as some other.
Antonym
A word that is the opposite of another word (examples: hot-cold, night-day).
Acronym
A word formed from the initial letters of a name or by combining initial letters or parts of a series of words (examples: TEWO, PBIS, UMS, AWITLO)
Setting
Arrangement of scenery and properties to represent the time and place where a play or movie takes place
Satire
A literary work that criticizes human misconduct and ridicules vices, stupidities, and follies.