Upgrade to remove ads
IB DP Geography Option G: Urban Environments
Terms in this set (30)
Abandoned, run-down or under‑used industrial buildings and land that may be contaminated but have potential for redevelopment.
The Urban ecological footprint
The land area required to sustain a population of any size. Measures the amount of farmland and aquatic resources that must be used to sustain a population, based on its consumption levels at a given point in time.
The development of activities to increase residential population densities within the existing built‑up area of a city. This may include the redevelopment of vacant land, the refurbishment of housing and the development of new business enterprises.
A residential area within or just outside the boundaries of a city.
The outward growth of towns and cities to engulf surrounding villages and rural areas. This may result from the out‑migration of population from the inner urban area to the suburbs or from inward rural-urban movement.
Sustainable urban management strategy
An approach to urban management that seeks to maintain and improve the quality of life for current and future urban dwellers. Aspects of management may be social (housing quality, crime), economic (jobs, income) or environmental (air, water, land, resources).
An increasing percentage of a country's population comes to live in towns and cities. It may involve both rural-urban migration and natural increase.
The unplanned and uncontrolled physical expansion of an urban area into the surrounding countryside. It is closely linked to the process of suburbanization.
A national arrangement of urban areas, for example from one large city to many small villages.
The physical separation of population by culture, income or other criteria.
One of the cause of segregation. The cultural differences between immigrants and existing residents often led to difficulties in communication, resulting in varying degrees of residential segregation.
Movement that involve a shift of population and economic activity from the centre of the urban area to its periphery and beyond.
The movement of people from inner urban areas to areas beyond city limits or rural/urban fringe. This is a centrifugal process of decentralization and its is characteristic of wealthy cities in MEDCs.
The Family Life Cycle
A person is likely to move around different zones of a city, depending on their age and their need for a house of a certain size.
Large metropolitan areas of 10 million inhabitants or more.
Physical Indicators, Social indicators, economic indices, political indices.
quality of housing, levels of pollution, incidence of crime, vandalism, graffiti
inducing crime (reported and fear of); levels of health and access to health care; standards of education; proportion of population on subsidized benefits (unemployment, disability, free school meals); proportion of lone-parent families.
access to employment; unemployment and underemployment; levels of income.
opportunities to vote and to take part in community organization.
Qualifications and training required; set hours of work and pay; job security and legal protection; pensions and unemployment benefits; well-serviced purpose built premises;imported technology using non-local raw materials; capital intensive.
No qualifications or training required; unregulated hours and pay; no job security, no legal protection; no pensions, no job protections; small premises, sometimes domestic; adaptive technology using local raw materials; labour intensive.
The Central Business District (CBD)
The commercial and economic core of a city. It is the heart of the city, the area most accessible to public transport, and the location with the highest land values
Factors influencing CBD Decline
Rise in car ownerships leads to increased personal mobility and the rise of 'leisure' shopping. Congestion reduces accessibility of CBDs. Progressive suburbanisation leads to urban sprawl; the city centre may be many miles away.
Urban Circular System
A sustainable city in which there are recycling, reuse and reduction of resources, renewable forms of energy, and measures taken to reduce the ecological footprint.
The land on which a settlement is built
A settlements relationship with the surrounding area
necessity good or those bought for convenience e.g. bread, rice, newspapers
Luxury or shopping good that are bought or used infrequently e.g. watches, cars
Sphere of influence
The area served by a settlement (also known as hinterland)
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
IB DP Geography Unit 3: Resource Consump…
IB DP Geography Unit 2: Global Climate - Vulnerabi…
IB DP Geography Unit 1: Changing Population
IB DP Geography Option D: Geophysical Ha…
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
IB Geography 2014 Paper 2; Urban Environments
Option G_ Urban Environments
IB Geo Ch.11 Urban Environments
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Sustainable Development Goals
G6 Indigenous Tribal societies
What did the Greeks do for us?